How and why questions can be confusing to student and they often answer them the same. They are part of the common core standards ( CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.2.1 ) Second grade students are expected to have them mastered but often students still have difficulty in the later grades. I made these task cards for them.
Some students require direct teaching on the differences between how and why questions. How question have a few variations. They may require a student to tell how something is done in steps, how something is done descriptively, the amount of something, or state of being such as with “How are you feeling?”. The answer may contain an adjective or adverb. Answering why questions often involves finding the antecedent or cause of an event. The answer recalls facts that happened before an event. Why questions often have because or so in the answer.
This packet has 30, 3 inch by 3 inch cards with 2 to 3 questions on each card. There are 17 cards that contain questions on vocabulary and what a word means within the story context. This gives students the opportunity to derive word meanings from the text and verbalize it. 4 cards deal with how many questions and amounts. 26 cards deal with the variations of how and why listed above.
I have been using them with my 3rd through 6th graders. I try to keep the picture cues meaningful and appropriate for middle school range. I have a lot of boys and they don't tolerate things that look cute. I make them double sided so they have possible answers available. This helps when I have small independent working groups for self correcting and it is motivating for them to flip them over and see if they got it right.
Printing the cards on card stock paper make them the most durable. To assemble the cards, cut the horizontal lines and leave the vertical lines intact. The cards are set up for a front and a back. The left column consists of the passage and questions. The right column contains the answers. The right side is meant to be folded under the left side to make a double sided card. It can be laminated or glued shut. After students read the passage and think of answers it can be flipped to see the answers. There is an arrow shape and star shape to designate the left and right sides and make it easier to sort them.