With Common Core Standards impacting social studies teachers in many ways, Document Based Questions (DBQs) are the perfect way to challenge students with critical thinking, argumentation, and point proof analysis. This DBQ posed a question to the students, "How did the Civil War change the United States?" It then allow students to read and analyze primary source documents, then use evidence from those documents to create an argument. Excerpts from speeches, Black Codes, Constitutional Amendments, and several photographs are the documents that the students read and analyze. DBQs can be adapted and modified to meet the needs of diverse learners in your classroom. They are a perfect fit for Common Core Standards, Pre-AP skills, and giving students the opportunity to practice their critical thinking, reading, analysis, and argumentation skills.