Gifted students are those whose potential is distinctly above average in one or more of the following domains of human ability: intellectual, creative, social and physical to a degree that places an individual at least among the top 10% of age peers.
Talented students are those whose skills are distinctly above average in one or more areas of human performance to a degree that places an individual at least among the top 10% of age peers who are or have been active in that field or fields. (Adapted from Gagné, 2003)
Gagné (2003) distinguishes two types of catalysts that may facilitate or hinder the translation of gifts into talent: intra-personal and environmental. Psychological factors in the intra-personal category include motivation, volition, self-management and personality traits. A distinction is made between motivation (interests, needs, intrinsic/extrinsic motivation) and volition (effort, perseverance, self- control, regular monitoring). These factors are important in maintaining effort in the face of obstacles and frustrations. Personality characteristics include self-awareness, adaptability and self-esteem.
This IEP is adapted from Gagné model and is used in consultation with parents to develop learning goals for high achieving students.