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Identify Materials Based on Properties Scientific Investigations

Grade Levels
5th, Homeschool
Standards
Formats Included
  • Zip
Pages
34 pages
$5.60
$5.60
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Learning Objective

Students will investigate mystery powders to determine their properties and try to identify what they are. Students will also discover that when substances are mixed, weight is conserved.

Description

Students will design and investigate household materials to determine the properties of the mystery substances and then to determine what the substances are. Students will learn about the properties of matter through investigation. Students will love these four investigations! This unit starts with the use of phenomena and students will use science and engineering practices to solve the mystery.

This resource includes four investigations on properties of matter

Lab One: Mystery powders 

Lab Two: Is it water-soluble? 
Lab Three: Planning an Investigation 
Lab Four: Does Weight of Matter Change? 

This resourcefully addresses the NGSS standards for 5th grade PS1A Structure and Properties of Matter from the DCI Matter and Its Interactions:

NGSS 5-PS1-3. Make observations and measurements to identify materials based on their properties.

NGSS 5-PS1-2. Measure and graph quantities to provide evidence that regardless of the type of change that occurs when heating, cooling or mixing substances, the total weight of matter is conserved.

 Standard 5.2.2 Ask questions to plan and carry out investigations to identify substances based on patterns of their properties. Emphasize using properties to identify substances. Examples of properties could include color, hardness, conductivity, solubility, or a response to magnetic forces. Examples of substances could include powders, metals, minerals, or liquids. (PS1. A) 

Standard 5.2.4 Use mathematics and computational thinking to provide evidence that regardless of the type of change that occurs when heating, cooling or combining substances, the total weight of matter is conserved. Examples could include melting an ice cube, dissolving salt in water, and combining baking soda and vinegar in a closed bag. (PS1.A, PS1.B)

The resource includes:

  • lab directions and teacher prep (four labs)
  • recording sheets
  • follow-up pages
  • lab safety instructions
  • a multiple-choice quiz
  • Answer keys are included for all of it!

Students will identify substances based on their properties through a series of investigations. Students will also learn that when changes occur in by mixing substances, the total weight of matter is conserved. Students will learn about lab safety when handling mystery substances and support their claim with evidence gathered from the investigations.

Science Concepts Include:

Properties of Matter

Investigation

Designing an investigation

Science lab safety

Conservation of Weight

Identifying materials based on their properties

Students will use the following Science and Engineering Practices:

  • Asking Questions and Defining Problems.
  • Developing and Using Models.
  • Planning and Carrying Out Investigations.
  • Analyzing and Interpreting Data.
  • Using Mathematics and Computational Thinking.
  • Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions.
  • Engaging in Argument from Evidence.
  • Obtaining, Evaluating, and Communicating Information.

Save 20% by purchasing in the Utah SEEd 5th-grade Bundle.

Save 20% by purchasing in the NGSS 5th Grade Bundle

Save 20% by purchasing in Utah SEEd 5th Grade PLUS Reading Units Bundle

Created by Lynda R. Williams

Teaching Science With Lynda

If you have questions about my resources please contact me at lywilliams1@gmail.com


* My resources are secure and not editable for copyright reasons. 

These resources are created by Lynda R. Williams at Teaching Science

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Would you like to see students working with mystery substances?

Please see other great resources for 5th-grade science!

Communities Using Science Ideas to Address Environmental Issues NGSS 5-ESS3-1

Earth's Systems Sphere Interaction NGSS 5-ESS2-1

5th Grade Water Distribution Lab and Close Reading Unit NGSS 5-ESS2-2

Total Pages
34 pages
Answer Key
Included
Teaching Duration
1 Week
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Standards

to see state-specific standards (only available in the US).
NGSS5-PS1-2
Measure and graph quantities to provide evidence that regardless of the type of change that occurs when heating, cooling, or mixing substances, the total weight of matter is conserved. Examples of reactions or changes could include phase changes, dissolving, and mixing that forms new substances. Assessment does not include distinguishing mass and weight.
NGSS5-PS1-3
Make observations and measurements to identify materials based on their properties. Examples of materials to be identified could include baking soda and other powders, metals, minerals, and liquids. Examples of properties could include color, hardness, reflectivity, electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, response to magnetic forces, and solubility; density is not intended as an identifiable property. Assessment does not include density or distinguishing mass and weight.

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