KIDS (2015) is made up of eleven domains. The focus of each domain is on the acquisition of knowledge, skills, or behaviors that
reflect each domain’s developmental constructs. Because there are multiple measures for each domain, a completed KIDS (2015)
instrument provides enough information to support assessment along a developmental continuum. A child’s learning and development across domains provides the child’s overall learning and developmental profile.
The Language and Literacy Development (LLD) domain assesses the progress of all children in developing foundational
language and literacy skills. These skills can be demonstrated in any language and in any mode of communication. The LLD
measures should be completed for all children, including those who are dual language learners. Language and literacy skills in
a child’s first language form the foundation for learning English. Therefore, dual language learners may demonstrate
knowledge and skills in their home language, in English, or in both languages.
• The English-Language Development (ELD) domain assesses dual language learners’ progress in learning to communicate
in English. The developmental progression described in the four ELD measures is related to the child’s experiences with
English, not the child’s age. Keep in mind that children acquire English in different ways and at different rates. Factors that
affect English acquisition include degree of exposure to English, level of support provided in their home language, and the
child’s motivation to learn English.
The LLD measures should be completed for all children, including those who are dual language learners.