To understand why the countries of Europe established colonial empires in Africa during the late 1800s and early 1900s.
1 class period
Students begin the lesson by reading several paragraphs of background information on the Age of Imperialism in Africa.
Afterwards, the class is divided into groups of 3 or 4 students. Each student becomes a European country competing for colonies in Africa during the 1800s. One player will be Great Britain, one France, one Germany, and the other Portugal. Territories up for grabs are listed on the lesson page.
Play begins with group members rolling a die. The high roller in each group wins control of the Belgian Congo (the first territory in the list) and gets 5 points. All group members then write that player’s country in the space before the Belgian Congo in the list. Competition continues for Sierra Leone and the other territories until all of Africa is divided up.
Students spend the rest of the period playing the game. Complete game rules are provided on the lesson pages.
NOTE: Each group of students will need a die to roll during the game.
For homework, a map exercise on the third lesson page.can be assigned. Students will use colors or special markings (shaded areas, diagonal lines, etc.) to show the partition of Africa in 1914.
Easy-to-follow Teacher Instructions and answer key included, along with a 20-question follow up quiz to measure student progress. The quiz can also be given as a homework assignment or used as a review exercise later in the school year.