Notes: British East India Company
During the 1700s, a joint-stock company called the British East India Company was chartered by Queen Elizabeth I of England.
joint stock company :A company that sells shares to investors who share in the profits and losses.
The company’s main objective was to make a profit for shareholders by exploiting the abundant natural resources and gaining access to the markets in India.
To do this, the British East India Company successfully used “divide and conquer” tactics to increase their control over entire regions of the Indian subcontinent.
Took advantage of the existing divisions in religions between the Muslim and Hindu groups. Also- used political rivalries with native people to turn against each other.
By the 1830s, the British government had taken over control of the East India Company.
Under British rule, native customs such as sati, the ritual suicide of a wife after her husband’s death, were banned.
The British built schools and railroads, and missionaries spread Christianity.
Were there any benefits to the imperialism of India by Britain?
By 1857 the British army in India included a large number of Indian soldiers, or Sepoys.
The rifle cartridges that were distributed to the Sepoys had to be bitten to remove a cover before being inserted into a gun.
Rumors circulated among the Sepoys that this cover had been greased with beef and pork fat.
Why is that important?
This angered Muslim Sepoys who were not supposed to consume pork, and the Hindu Sepoys who were not supposed to eat beef.
Thus, the Sepoys revolted against the British army, which eventually ended the conflict through use of force.
This resulted in the British government officially taking control of India, making it a colony
What conclusion can you make about British control from 1805 to 1857?
Explain why powerful nations adopted policies of Imperialism in the late 19th century.
What role did religion play in the 19th century?