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This lesson was designed as part of a unit on the causes of the Industrial Revolution in Britain. The main purpose of the unit was to encourage pupils decision-making and reasoning skills in history.
- 3 versions of the 24 slide powerpoint - differentiated for ability.
- hot air balloon writing worksheet
- full lesson plan
**How it works:**
In this lesson students are given cards with information on eight different inventions and have to imagine they are in a hot air balloon that is plummeting to the earth. With them are the inventors of these 8 items BEFORE they have invented them! Pupils work in pairs to decide who should be thrown out of the balloon and who should be saved based on how important their invention was to the continuation of the Industrial Revolution.
The inventors included are:
1. Eli Whitney - cotton Gin
2. George Stephenson - Locomotive no.1.
3. Joseph Lister - Carbolic Disinfectant
4. Rowland Hill - Penny Postage system
5. Watt and Boulton - Working steam Engine
6. Jethro Tull - Seed Drill
7. Richard Arkwright - Water Frame
8. The inventor of the world's first flushing toilet - first inventor is debated.
I have included 3 separate PowerPoints which have all the same tasks but have differing levels of language and detail on the cards that you would need to print out. This means that you can differentiate if you have streamed classes or mixed ability groupings. I found that mixed ability worked very well on this as they did not realise they had been given different cards on purpose. When differences in details were noticed the students with more information were used as ambassadors to explain the extra knowledge to their classmates during the debate.
Colour coded cards:
YELLOW = HIGHER
GREEN = MIDDLE
PINK = LOWER OR SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS
Once each pair has decided on their surviving inventor they must explain why they saved them on the hot air balloon writing sheet.
I have used the lesson plan as the preview file as a guide.
I was observed by Ofsted (UK education inspectorate) with this lesson and it received a grading of outstanding. They especially liked the independence of pupils and the differentiation.
3 differentiated lesson PowerPoints (24 slides each including 8 which should be printed out and used as pair talk cards.)
Hot air balloon writing sheet
Thanks for looking!
19th century - Victorians - pupil talk - debate - card sort - history - evaluation.