For this lesson, students will be able to identify the effects of trench warfare on WWI soldiers by analyzing primary sources, visuals, and media that expose the mental and physical consequences of trench warfare. The purpose for instruction is for students to reflect on trench warfare through the perspectives of individuals in the trenches (soldiers and medics). By analyzing diary entries of nurses, letters home written by soldiers, actual footage of trenches, and paintings, students will be able to authentically reflect on trench warfare by considering what they are seeing, thinking, and wondering as they rotate to each station. Since students are working with multi-media sources, they will be able to work on their “historical thinking” skills where they are analyzing the source, questioning its validity, and assessing its perspective in connection to the topic of trench warfare. Therefore, students will be building on their higher-order thinking skills in which they will be analyzing, questioning, comparing, and connecting the sources to each station as well as to what they have learned in our WWI unit.