Present History has combined three presentations into one, including Latin America After Independence, Industrialization and Urbanization, and the Age of Imperialism. This world-history presentation traces the tight Spanish control of its Latin American colonies and the rigid hierarchy this caused to the British (and then U.S.) economic control of Latin American following independence. Vocabulary for this unit includes Creoles, Peninsulars, Mestizos and Mulattos; Toussaint L'Ouverture, Hidalgo, San Martin, and Simon Bolivar; and the Roosevelt Corollary. Essential questions for this unit include: What were the effects of Latin American independence? What were some of the problems faced following independence? Who controlled Latin America following independence? How? This presentation continues on to the causes of industrialization and its effects and the effects of urbanization. It traces the effects of laissez-faire and Social Darwinist theory on mass society and the reaction of reform movements and socialist thought. Vocabulary includes the Agricultural Revolution, laissez-faire capitalism, global economy, Adam Smith, Karl Marx, socialism, the women’s right movement, Monet, van Gogh, Picasso, and Kandinsky. This presentation traces the causes of imperialism and its effects on regions around the world. Vocabulary includes Roosevelt Corollary, imperialism, Social Darwinism, Dollar Diplomacy, Meiji Restoration, Opium Wars, Boxer Rebellion, and apartheid. This presentation ends with a look at the long-term effects and on-going challenges that many African nations still face today, especially genocide, corruption in government, drought, crippling population growth, and wide-spread hunger and starvation. Find a student note guide on this presentation by searching "Industrialization and the Age of Imperialism Notes and Review." Find a document-groupings assignment for this unit by searching "Industrialization and Imperialism Document Groupings."