The Instructional Diamond outlines the necessary instructional support each child needs to achieve the greatest level of success. Within the yellow diamond is whole group instruction where the teacher is modeling and providing clarity on how to master a standard. The rectangle around the diamond represents the maximum level of growth a student can achieve if provided with the necessary support. The higher a student achieves, the higher he/she moves up the rectangle and needs more support outside the diamond, and the opposite is true as well. The lower a student performs, the more support he/she will need outside of whole group instruction. The lighter yellow outside the diamond represents small group instruction where students’ needs can be individualized and more growth can occur. However, the bottom 25% of students have an additional orange triangle where a students need additional remediation. This area is titled voyager and spire. These are programs that support the RTI2 process. Conversely, the top half of the diamond is structured in a similar manner but does not have any additional support inside the orange triangle for the top 25% of students. This is an instructional gap for many educational institutions.