Exploration and Intrigue on Ice
In 1871, the US government sent Charles Francis Hall on a sailing expedition to find the North Pole. The expedition ended disastrously with the sinking of his ship far south of the pole. Half of the crew was abandoned on an ice floe, forced to jump from ice floe to ice floe as weather conditions changed. The other half of the crew made it to land before their boat sunk. Out in the elements, the crew starved and shivered through the winter until they were rescued by passing whaling ships. Quite amazingly, only one man died – the captain, Charles Francis Hall. His death, in the first few months of the expedition, was highly suspicious. Many on the crew thought he had been poisoned, but no one had proof. Students will follow the travelers through the Artic as they learn about electromagnetic radiation, atomic theory, and attempt to discover what really happened to Charles Francis Hall.
Note: This product is also part of a BUNDLE found here.
1. Understand the electromagnetic spectrum and mathematical relationship between energy, frequency, and wavelengths of light
2. Calculate wavelength, frequency, and energy of light using Planck’s constant and the speed of light
3. Use isotope composition to calculate average atomic mass of an element
4. Understand the experimental design and conclusions used in the development of modern atomic theory, including Dalton’s postulates, Thompson’s discovery of electron properties, Rutherford’s nuclear atom, the Bohr atom, and Chadwick’s discovery of the neutron.
1. Introduction - Reading: Introduction to case
2. Cast of Characters - Activity: Card sorting activity to introduce the crew of the USS Polaris
3. Beginnings - Reading: Background reading on the beginning of the voyage
4. Long Summer Days - Internet activity: Introduction to parts of a wave and the electromagnetic spectrum
5. Eternal Winter Nights - Notes: Calculating wave energy using frequency and wavelength
6. Practicing Planck’s - Activity: Wave energy calculations
7. The Aurora and the Atom - Reading: History of Atomic Theory
8. The Aurora and the Atom II - Notes: Electrons, Energy, and Light
9. EM Radiation and Atomic Theory - Practice Worksheet with reading about the discovery of X-rays
10. Death - Reading: Details on the death of Commander Hall
11. Medicine Bag Flame Tests - Lab: Flame testing
12. Isotopes - Lab: Isotopes of Pennium
13. Isotopes and Carbon Dating -Reading a graph
14. Isotopes and Average Mass - Practice Worksheet with reading about carbon dating in a nuclear age
15. Testing the Body - Reading a chart
16. Teacher Pages - Set-up information, suggested timeline, notes, and answer keys