A test that covers the topics of ancient astronomy, planetary motion, and the scale of the universe.
Log in to see state-specific standards (only available in the US).
Use mathematical or computational representations to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system. Emphasis is on Newtonian gravitational laws governing orbital motions, which apply to human-made satellites as well as planets and moons. Mathematical representations for the gravitational attraction of bodies and Kepler’s Laws of orbital motions should not deal with more than two bodies, nor involve calculus.