How to Read Argumentative or Persuasive Writing and Speeches
Introduction and rationale
In order to read non-fiction well, students need to be aware of how writers fashion their writing to have the best impact on the reader. After this introductory PowerPoint, I have them read and analyze passages that are persuasive or argumentative in intent. They, then, fill out analysis sheets that ask about the rhetorical elements of the passages.
This resource contains the following materials:
Study guide for PowerPoint
Questions for application of concepts to specific essays and speeches
Quiz on basic terms.
Students will identify rhetorical devices in essays and speeches.
Students will examine how rhetoric influences the effect of prose on the reader by answering questions based on passages.
Virginia Standards of Learning
10.4 The student will read, comprehend, and analyze literary texts of different cultures and eras.
a) Identify main and supporting ideas.
d) Analyze the cultural or social function of literature.
g) Explain the influence of historical context on the form, style, and point of view of a literary text.
h) Evaluate how an author’s specific word choices, syntax, tone, and voice shape the intended meaning of the text, achieve specific effects and support the author’s purpose.
11.3 The student will read and analyze relationships among American literature, history, and culture.
d) Describe how use of context and language structures conveys an author’s intent and viewpoint in contemporary and historical essays, speeches, and critical reviews.
Common Core Anchor Strands
College and Career Readiness Anchor Strands for Reading
Key Ideas and Details:
Determine central ideas or themes of a text and analyze their development; summarize the key supporting details and ideas.
Key Ideas and Details
1. Read closely to determine what the text says explicitly and to make logical inferences from it; cite specific textual evidence when writing or speaking to support conclusions drawn from the text.
2. Determine central ideas or themes of a text and analyze their development; summarize the key supporting details and ideas.
3. Analyze how and why individuals, events, and ideas develop and interact over the course of a text.
Craft and Structure
Analyze the structure of texts, including how specific sentences, paragraphs, and larger portions of the text
(e.g., a section, chapter, scene, or stanza) relate to each other and the whole. (e.g., a section, chapter, scene, or stanza) relate to each other and the whole.
6. Assess how point of view or purpose shapes the content and style of a text.
Integration of Knowledge and Ideas
8. Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, including the validity of the reasoning as well as the relevance and sufficiency of the evidence.