Do you need a powerful introduction to the scientific method for your third, fourth, or fifth grade classroom? You’ve found it! This set of lesson plans, PowerPoint presentation, and posters explain the Scientific Method and immerse students in their first scientific investigation.
• Scientific Method PowerPoint – The 30-slide editable presentation takes students through eight steps of the Scientific Method and demonstrates with a simple evaporation experiment. Special emphasis is placed on designing a fair test.
• PowerPoint Text and Notes – Complete text and notes are provided for the teacher.
• Scientific Method Posters – Each of the 21 posters features an adorable science student or two from Whimsy Clips. They feature the steps of the Scientific Method and components of a fair test. Since terminology varies from classroom to classroom, some posters come in several versions. (See Steps in Scientific Method below.)
• Lesson Plans – The lesson plans explain the objective, rationale, instructional progression, and differentiation. A sample schedule for six days of instruction is also provided.
• Scientific Method Planning Sheets – Five different planning sheets allow you to differentiate and/or choose the level that’s right for your class. (See Differentiation below.)
• Sample Scientific Method Planning Sheets – A sample two-page planning sheet models the process using the experiment featured in the PowerPoint presentation.
• Prompt for Scientific Investigation – A one-page article provides information on factors influencing evaporation (temperature, surface area, humidity, wind, and water purity) and acts as a springboard for students to plan their own investigations.
JUST ADDED: This unit now includes a page of learning links. Just click and go to supportive text, videos, and simulations on the Internet!
Steps in Scientific Method
The PowerPoint, posters, and scientific investigation use the following steps. (Variations in terminology are addressed in PowerPoint, and alternative posters are included.)
1. Ask a question.
2. Conduct research.
4. Design experiment. (Design a fair test.) (Test the hypothesis.)
5. Make observations.
6. Record results. (Collect data.)
7. Draw conclusions.
8. Share results. (Communicate.)
Components of a Fair Test:
The PowerPoint, posters, and scientific investigation also emphasize components of a fair test.
• Control variables.
• Use tools.
The terms “control” and “variable” are used throughout the lesson; however, additional posters and student planning sheets can be used to introduce dependent and independent variables.
1. Introduce Scientific Method and model process with PowerPoint presentation. Discuss sample planning sheets. Display posters.
2. Have students read the evaporation article.
3. Place students in groups. Ask each group to develop one scientific question about evaporation based on the article. Conduct further research, if desired.
4. Ask students to use the Scientific Method to design a fair test.
5. Carry out the experiments; record results and draw conclusions.
6. Use Create-a-Graph (free online tool) or other method to communicate results.
Several versions of the student planning sheet are included.
• one page labeled (question, hypothesis, procedure, observations, conclusion)
• one page unlabeled
• one page labeled with variable and controls
• two pages labeled with question, research, hypothesis, procedure, control, variables, results, conclusion
• alternate back to two-page version that asks for independent variable and dependent variable
This bundled product includes Scientific Method PowerPoint
, Scientific Method Posters
, and much more!
Additional Science Units:
• Design Process
• Plant Parts
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