Each of 14 activity sheets features a specific form of transportation. Working in groups or independently, students draw arrows to show four forces (e.g., thrust, drag, lift, gravity) acting on it. They identify sources of friction and consider design changes that improve motion.
Created by master teacher Brenda Kovich
, this activity was developed to supplement your unit on force, motion, and/or transportation systems. It’s classroom tested and kid approved!
• Forces Reference Guide – Four frames display forces acting on transportation systems on land, in water, in air, and in space. A short paragraph explains each.
• Friction Reference Guide – Five bubbles display ways to reduce friction.
• Directions – A direction sheet explains how to complete the activity.
• 14 Activity Sheets – Featuring a picture of a single form of transportation, each activity sheet directs students to draw arrows, label, identify sources of friction, brainstorm ways friction could impact the vehicle’s motion, and think of ways to reduce friction.
• Questions – A set of questions asks students to learn more about their form of transportation, as well as summarize their investigation.
• Redesign Sheet – As an extension, students redesign the transportation system to reduce friction.
• Answers – Possible answers guide teachers in assessing student responses.
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• Collaborative Groups – Students work in pairs or small groups. Each group completes one activity sheet.
• Independent Work – Each student completes one activity sheet.
• Packets – Each student completes a packet of activity sheets.
Indiana Science Standard 4.PS.1 - Investigate transportation systems and devices that operate on or in land, water, air and space and recognize the forces (lift, drag, friction, thrust and gravity) that affect their motion.
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