This paper is a historical comparison of the modern Iranian education system from the late nineteenth century until the present, with specific focus on the cause and effect of social-political changes on the education system. In other words, what affect did major political and social changes have on the Iranian education system, curriculum, and agenda?
It is difficult to fully understand the present without studying and learning from the past. Politics, societal norms, culture, and education are not independent entities of a society, but instead are interrelated.
The goal of this paper is to shed light on the historical development of the Iranian education system as related to the social and political environment. Understanding the historical context of the Iranian education system is a necessary precursor to informed discussions about contemporary Iranian educational goals. As a result of this research, I ask myself and anyone who reads this, "What, if anything, can this historical analysis of the Iranian education system tell us about contemporary Iranian educational objectives?"