A great READING resource with QUESTIONS and ANSWER KEY included! It focuses on the topic of Kansas Nebraska Act.
Included are 1 page reading, 1 page question sheet and 1 page answer key! Perfect for homework assignments, classwork or reading for test review! Can be used for both middle and high school level.
The reading first introduces to students some major points about the Kansas-Nebraska Act. It will mention Stephen A. Douglas and his plans to use popular sovereignty in territories north of the 36’30 line. This will bring up the Missouri Compromise of 1820, and how it would be revoked if free territories had the possibility in becoming a slave state. There is also a reading section explaining the various political, social and economic motivations in creating the Kansas-Nebraska Act. This involved gaining southern approval to construct a transcontinental railroad linking western and northeastern markets. In return, the south would be allowed to expand slavery westward in newly acquired territories and thereby increasing their political representative power in Congress. This was an offer difficult to resist as the south finally had the chance to revoke the Missouri Compromise of 1820. They viewed the previous compromise as a threat to their constitutional rights as prohibiting slavery infringes on their freedom and right to own slaves. The reading will go on offering students insight on how the nation reacted to the Kansas-Nebraska Act. For instance, it will describe opposition from abolitionists and members from the Free Soil Movement who wanted to prevent the expansion of slavery in new territories. From a social moral standpoint and an economic standpoint of preventing slave labor competition with whites, both groups were adamant in preventing the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act. The second half of the reading focuses on the effects of passing the legislation. This consists of the rise of a new political party known as the Republican Party. It will explain why it was formed after the breakup of the Whigs and Free-Soil Party who failed to prevent the spreading of slavery in westward territories. Lastly, the reading will explain how the Kansas-Nebraska Act fractured the relationship between the North and South, and thereby increasing sectional tensions that led to the Civil War. It mentions bleeding Kansas in terms of how the state became a battleground of pro-slavery and anti-slavery factions. This involves the attack on Pottawatomie Creek by anti-slavery forces in retaliation for the attack on Lawrence town by pro-slavery forces. Ultimately, the reading will reinforce the concept of how the Kansas-Nebraska Act renew sectional tensions and divided the nation.
Some vocabulary words and key terms included in this reading are Stephen A. Douglas, Nebraska, Kansas, popular sovereignty, 36’30 line, Missouri Compromise of 1820, transcontinental railroad, slavery, Democrat, Compromise of 1850, abolitionists, Free Soil Movement, President Franklin Pierce, Republican Party, Whigs, New England Emigrant Aid Society, bleeding Kansas, Lawrence, Pottawatomie Creek, John Brown, Charles Sumner, Preston Brooks, Andrew Butler, President James Buchanan and the Lecompton constitution.
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