This cultural lesson explores the complex history of how many Central and South American countries gained their independence in a process also known as the decolonization from Spanish/European power and how this rich history is also linked to the US observation of Hispanic Heritage Month.
The month of September is an important month for several Latin American countries as they celebrate their independence. In fact, so important that in 1968, US president Lyndon B. Johnson declared the first observation of Hispanic Heritage Week. In 1988 president Ronald Reagan extended this observation from a week to a month.
Implement this cultural lesson in your classroom to explore the rich history of Latin America from the original Spanish conquest, through reforms and the final days that mark each country’s independence.