LGBT: Stonewall Riots of 1969 Outline

LGBT: Stonewall Riots of 1969 Outline
LGBT: Stonewall Riots of 1969 Outline
LGBT: Stonewall Riots of 1969 Outline
LGBT: Stonewall Riots of 1969 Outline
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1. Details
a. Stonewall Riots
b. June 28, 1969
c. Greenwich Village, New York
d. Stonewall Inn - A popular gay bar
e. Lasted six days
f. The Stonewall Inn was without a liquor license, so it was legally allowed to be raided
g. The Stonewall Inn was also lead by the Mafia
h. It was a common occurrence for gay clubs/baths to be raided
i. Stonewall’s employees were arrested, but soon the crowd became angrily when three drag queens and a lesbian were arrested
j. The crowd began rioting and throwing bottles, causing the police to take refuge within the Inn
k. The riots spilled over into other streets, and wasn’t stopped until New York deployed their riot police
l. In the late 1960’s the APA still classified homosexuality as a mental disorder
m. The punishment for a homosexual act was a light fine, 20 years in prison or even a life sentence
n. The Stonewall Inn was a gay club which was located on New York city’s Christopher Street
o. The police raided just after 3 Am
p. The police had a right to raid the club because the club didn’t have a liquor licence and had other violations
q. Anti-sodomy laws
r. The Stonewall employees got arrested the people were watching from the side of the street
s. 3 drag queens and a lesbian were forced into a paddy wagon
t. People started to throw bottles at the policemen
u. The policemen were forced to hide
v. 2 policemen were slightly injured
w. The protest went into neighboring streets
x. This raid was different because, patrons at the stonewall inn resisted and eventually the police lost control
y. Lead to the formation of the Gay Liberation Front
z. 1 year anniversary of the riots was the first ever gay rights parades (Los Angeles, Chicago, San Fran., and near the Stonewall Inn in N.Y.)
aa. several days of protests followed
bb. Nearly two years after the riot gay rights groups were created in almost every major city
cc. The Stonewall Riots occurred the day after the death of Judy Garland, who was thought to be a “gay icon” for her campy (over exaggerated/theatrical) style and her immediate acceptance of all the characters in the Wizard of Oz (such as the Cowardly Lion, who appeared to have “gay” tendencies). It is possibly believed that this is a connection as to why the LGBT+ community rioted.
dd. Coins, rocks, bottles, etc. were thrown at the police
ee. Stonewall entered the vocabulary of every LGBT person that meant making a stand against oppression and demanding equality in all areas of life
ff. “Because the bar had no liquor license, it was passed off as a bottle club and patrons were required to sign in. Many used pseudonyms and "Judy Garland" was among the most popular.”
gg. July 9th- first “Gay Power” meeting
hh. Beginning of the gay liberation movement
ii. Important Figures
i. Marsha P. Johnson
ii. Sylvia Rivera
jj. Marsha shouted “I got my civil rights” and then threw a shot glass into a mirror, which began the riots
kk. Rids were not unusual in this time
ll. After the police made some arrests, the bar was shut down
mm. The bar had no running water
nn. Most raids before this one resolved peacefully
oo. To get in you had to use a secret code which was ‘I’m a friend of Dorothys
pp. 13 people were arrested that were inside the bar
qq. Fire hoses were turned on people
rr. Gay cheerleaders chanted schoolgirl songs
ss. kick lines (Rockette-style) infront of the policemen
tt. Also known as the the Stonewall uprising
uu. Fire bomb thrown into the bar
vv. A police officer threw a gun at the crowed
ww. People were yelling/ chanting, “occupy--Take over, Take over”, “Fag Power”, “Liberate The Bar”, “We’re the Pink Panthers”, and “GaY Power”.
xx. Windows were smashed
yy. People were throwing pennies, cobblestone, and bottles
zz. The Stonewall wasn't just a bar for LGBT but was like a home for them especially for the younger people
aaa. It had $3.00 admission
bbb. They say the Stonewall riots began because it became the kids home so they fought for it and also they had nothing to lose but the club
ccc.
ddd. Parking meters were pulled up
eee. The police arrested anyone not wearing at least three articles of gender appropriate clothing
fff. “The crowd of ejected customers started to throw coins at the officers, in mockery of the notorious system of payoffs – earlier dubbed “gayola” – in which police chiefs leeched huge sums from establishments used by gay people and used “public morals” raids to regulate their racket. “
ggg. PFLAG and GLAAD were formed because of this riot
2. The Stonewall Riots took place on June 28, 1969 and lasted for six days. It all began in a popular day bar in Greenwich, New York, The Stonewall Inn. At the time, homosexuality was still considered a mental disorder by the APA and, the punishment for being gay was either a light fine 20 years in prison or even a life sentence. It was common for gay bars to get raided by the police at this time.. The Stonewall Inn was not only a bar for LGBT but was also seen as a home to the people especially the younger members. The bar had no running water and was lead by the mafia. On June 28, just a little after 3 AM, the police raided the bar. While, they were raiding the bar because it was a gay bar, it was also legal to raid because, the Stonewall Inn didn't have a liquor license. The police began to arrest employees and anyone who was not wearing at least three pieces of gender appropriate clothing. Most raids ended peacefully in earlier days. However, this raid was different because, the people inside the bar began to fight back and resist. Many say that the riot began because, the young people viewed this as their home and all they had to lose was the bar. Plus, The Stonewall Riots occurred the day after the death of Judy Garland, who was thought to be a “gay icon” for her campy (over exaggerated/theatrical) style and her immediate acceptance of all the characters in the Wizard of Oz (such as the Cowardly Lion, who appeared to have “gay” tendencies). It is possibly believed that this is a connection as to why the LGBT+ community rioted.Marsha P. Johnson shouted “I have my civil rights,” and threw a shot glass at a mirror which began the Stonewall riots. The rioters began to throw rock, cobblestone, pennies, bottles and mostly anything they could find at the police. “The crowd of ejected customers started to throw coins at the officers, in mockery of the notorious system of payoffs – earlier dubbed “gayola” – in which police chiefs leeched huge sums from establishments used by gay people and used “public morals” raids to regulate their racket. “ People were yelling and chanting many things like, “occupy--Take over, Take over”, “Fag Power”, “Liberate The Bar”, “We’re the Pink Panthers”, and “GaY Power”. Window were smashed and kick lines were formed. The Police had to control the riot, One policeman threw a gun into a crowd. Then, a fire bomb was thrown into the bar. The riot flooded into the neighboring streets. The police ended up making 13 arrests. After they made these arrests, the bar was shut down. The riot was very successful though. Stonewall entered the vocabulary of every LGBT person that meant making a stand against oppression and demanding equality in all areas of life. The one year anniversary of the riots was the first ever gay rights parades (Los Angeles, Chicago, San Fran., and near the Stonewall Inn in N.Y.) Then two years after the riot, gay rights groups were created in almost every major city. The Gay Liberation Front was created. Lastly, the PFLAG and GLAAD were formed because of this riot.

3. The Stonewall Riots can be greatly compared to the women’s suffrage issue, specifically when they wanted the ability to vote. Although these aren’t exactly alike, these are very similar to each other. The women’s suffrage event I am thinking of specifically is when the women were arrested for “blocking traffic” when they peacefully protested during wartime against President Wilson. They were arrested after many people began getting angry at them. This is similar to when the Stonewall Inn, which was a well-known haven for LGBT+ people, was raided by the police. It was legal because the Inn was without a liquor license, just like the women could legally be arrested for protesting during wartime. However, the police arrested people under very unfair charges in both situations. Not to mention that Alice Paul going to jail, going on hunger strike, and getting the word out about her bad treatment left a huge impact on women, the Stonewall Riots also did. These riots, although not covered well by the press, became very well known and was known as the start of the fight for LGBT+ rights. In addition, both gay rights and women’s rights were extremely looked down upon, and a lot of people were strongly against them. Along with that, the LGBT+ community was involved with other minorities/protests (black civil rights movement, antiwar demonstrations, counterculture of the 1960s), just as the women tried to band with other groups such as African Americans.

4. One amendment that is being violated in the Stonewall riots in the 4th amendment. The 4th amendment is about search and seizure. This amendment states that law authority cannot unreasonably search or seize and if they want to search you they have to have probable cause and get a warrant that explains why they are searching you. The policemen did not have probable cause for searching the Stonewall Inn And did not have a warrant, therefore making it unreasonable search and seizure. The policemen went in and searched or shut down the Stonewall Inn just because it was full of LGBT and it just so happened that they did not have a liquor license and had other violations. Even Though they did not have a liquor license and had other violation the cops still did not have a warrant or a right to go in a search and shut down the place because they were LGBT, which was the main reason.

5. After the Stonewall riots there were no court cases about it that I found. Even Though there were no court cases about it the Stonewall riots was the beginning of the LGBT movement. When the Stonewall riots happened it wasn't just gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender it was all of theses people working together. After this the word about LGBT spread and the movement began. There have been many court cases on LGBT rights after this riot, but before this riot there were some court cases about LGBT but not a lot.

6. six

7. The main outcome of the Stonewall Riots was the formation of the Gay Liberation Front (eventually disbanded due to frustration at management problems), and then the Gay Activists Alliance. A newspaper entitled Gay was released. Also, on the first anniversary of the riots, the first gay pride parades in U.S. history were held. Raids on gay bars were not stopped after these riots. There was actually barely any media coverage, but many people heard about it. This event is considered one of the first activities of the gay rights movement, and jump started that cause. There weren’t many legal solutions until far later on, but none of those might’ve happened (or they would’ve been very delayed) if the Stonewall Riots had not occurred.

8. For the most part, yes, this issue has been solved. The main issue that the LGBT+ community was fighting was the ability to get married. The Supreme Court declared that gay marriage bans in the United States were unconstitutional in the Obergefell v. Hodges case. However, some inequalities still remain. For example, some places prohibit transexual people from using the bathroom that matches the gender they identify as. Also, there are many workplaces that refuse to hire any LGBT+ workers. There are still many people that are very against gay marriage, and many hate crimes take place against that community. Even in schools, we see LGBT+ youth being bullied, and the words gay or queer being used as an insult towards people. Even though gay marriage has been legalized, there is still a long way to go before LGBT+ people have equal rights.










Sources:


http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/introduction/stonewall-intro/
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/the-stonewall-riot
http://www.civilrights.org/archives/2009/06/449-stonewall.html
http://www.stonewallvets.org/Stonewall_Era_Club_People_Rebellion.htm
http://www.columbia.edu/cu/lweb/eresources/exhibitions/sw25/case1.html
http://www.socialistalternative.org/stonewall-riots-1969/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stonewall_riots
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marsha_P._Johnson
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sylvia_Rivera
http://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2013/01/an-amazing-1969-account-of-the-stonewall-uprising/272467/
http://www.villagevoice.com/blogs/who-started-the-stonewall-riots-i-have-an-answer-6373636
http://www.britannica.com/event/Stonewall-riots
http://time.com/4042859/stonewall-inn-history-time/
http://www.socialistalternative.org/stonewall-riots-1969/
http://www.britannica.com/event/Stonewall-riots-----LW
http://time.com/4042859/stonewall-inn-history-time/----LW

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LGBT: Stonewall Riots of 1969 Outline
LGBT: Stonewall Riots of 1969 Outline
LGBT: Stonewall Riots of 1969 Outline
LGBT: Stonewall Riots of 1969 Outline