This lesson used the book, The Butterfly by Patricia Polacco. It contains a strategy involving characters by showing students how to analyze character relationships to reveal the underlying themes in the text. It's written in TC format, includes a link to independent reading, and is entirely based on the common core standards for 5th grade. This can easily be modified for younger grades, or lower level students. The story this lesson is based on is wonderful because it can be linked into a social studies unit.