The purpose of this lesson is to describe the key events and ideas which led to the Civil War. Students will investigate the secession of the Confederate States of America, Abraham Lincoln’s First Inaugural Address, and Fort Sumter. They will describe how these events contributed to the start of the Civil War. Students will compare the North and South prior to the Civil War in order to conclude their advantages and disadvantages in the war. They will investigate the Union and Confederacy’s strategies for the Civil War.
Students will use sources and their prior knowledge to explain the Union’s advantages and disadvantages and the Confederacy’s advantages and disadvantages prior to the Civil War. They will answer questions based on their findings. Students will also color a map to identify the Union States and the Confederate States in the Civil War.
This is an engaging lesson that will encourage student discussion. Included is a scripted lesson plan, ten sources (primary and secondary sources), and questions. Some questions are simple recall questions, since the purpose of the lesson is to learn the Social Studies content using literacy. Other questions are higher-order thinking questions.