This two week long project covers NGSS standards:
MS-PS3-3: Apply scientific principles to design, construct, and test a device that either minimizes or maximizes thermal energy transfer.
MS-ETS1-1 Define the criteria and constraints of a design problem with sufficient precision to ensure a successful solution, taking into account relevant scientific principles and potential impacts on people and the natural environment that may limit possible solutions.
MS-ETS1-2 Evaluate competing design solutions using a systematic process to determine how well they meet the criteria and constraints of the problem.
MS-ETS1-3 Analyze data from tests to determine similarities and differences among several design solutions to identify the best characteristics of each that can be combined into a new solution to better meet the criteria for success.
MS-ETS1-4 Develop a model to generate data for iterative testing and modification of a proposed object, tool, or process such that an optimal design can be achieved.
This lesson is designed to be used with Vernier sensors, and Chromebooks, but easily could be altered to be done with thermometers and a simple change in temperature calculation. The technology was nice for me because we were able to analyze the graph, which I know my students wouldn't have been able to make on paper.
The lesson plans are at the bottom of the word document. They contain a link to videos on how to set up the google classroom assignment as well as a video of how to use graphical analysis that you can show to students.