This MEGA bundle includes the Earth’s Interior Super Bundle, the Faulting, Folding and Mountain Building Super Bundle, the Earthquakes and Volcanoes Super Bundle and a Test Super Bundle.
Earth's Interior Super Bundle:
This colorful and detailed PowerPoint and bundle explains the difference between the compositional layers of the earth (crust, mantle, outer and inner core) and structural layers (lithosphere, asthenosphere, mesosphere, inner core and outer core). The PowerPoint also previews earthquake, or seismic, waves and explains how these waves are used to determine that the outer core is made of liquid and the inner core is a solid.
This bundle includes a drawing component where students distinguish between the compositional and structural layers. Also included is a lab which has students test the density of granite, the main rock of continental crust and the density of basalt, the main rock of oceanic crust. So, this lab is also a great review of using displacement to find the volume of an irregular object (rock), measure mass with a balance and calculate density.
Included in the Earth's Interior Super Bundle:
• PowerPoint: Earth's Interior
• PowerPoint Notes Handout: Earth's Interior
• Quiz: Earth's Interior
• Quiz Key: Earth's Interior
• Worksheet: Earth's Interior
• Worksheet Key: Earth's Interior
• Drawing: Earth's Interior (Compositional vs. Structural)
• Lab: Densities of the Earth's Crust
Faulting, Folding and Mountain Building Super Bundle:
This colorful and detailed PowerPoint and bundle explains the difference between faulting and folding, discusses the parts and types of faults, and looks at how faulting, folding and volcanic activity can build mountains. A second PowerPoint also includes a Texas version which discusses the Balcones Fault Line in Central Texas. You will get both PowerPoints for the price of one. Use the PowerPoint that best fits your situation.
Stress within the earth comes in three forms: compression, tension and shearing. Each type of stress can cause a different type of fault. But a fault only occurs if there is movement within the Earth. Compressional stress can cause a reverse fault. Tensional stress can cause a normal fault. And shearing stress can create a strike-slip fault. The pictures within this PowerPoint help to demonstrate the different types of faults. Also available is a worksheet that helps students practice this skill.
Folding is a process when rock layers are folded instead of faulted given specific conditions. Slow forces with more malleable rock layers at increased temperatures can promote folding over faulting.
There are three main mountain types: volcanic, folded and fault-block. Volcanic mountains are previewed in this bundle but are covered more thoroughly in the Volcanoes Bundle. Folded mountains are caused by the folding process and are the most common type of mountain on continents. The Rockies, Alps and Andes are examples of folded mountains. Fault-block mountains are produced by faulting when you have several faults in an area.
If you use the Texas version of this PowerPoint, it includes information about the Balcones Fault which is an inactive, normal fault line through central Texas.
Included in the Faulting, Folding and Mountain Building Super Bundle:
• PowerPoint: Faulting, Folding and Mountain Building
• PowerPoint: Faulting, Folding and Mountain Building (Texas version)
• PowerPoint Notes Handout: Faulting, Folding and Mountain Building
• PowerPoint Notes Handout: Faulting, Folding and Mountain Building (Texas version)
• Quiz: Faulting, Folding and Mountain Building
• Quiz Key: Faulting, Folding and Mountain Building
• Worksheet: Types of Faults
• Movie Quiz: Inside Planet Earth
Earthquakes and Volcanoes Super Bundle:
This colorful and detailed PowerPoint and bundle explains the cause of earthquakes, the difference between magnitude (Richter Scale) and intensity (Mercalli Scale), how to triangulate an earthquake and the hazards associated with earthquakes.
Earthquakes are caused when a break in the Earth's surface builds pressure over time and then is suddenly released. The point of the actual movement below the surface is called the focus and the point directly above on the Earth's surface is called the epicenter. There are three types of seismic waves which travel differently through the Earth. This topic is discussed more in depth in the Earth's Interior bundle. The seismic waves can cause damage in the form of shaking, liquefaction, ground displacement, flooding, tsunamis, and fire.
Earthquakes are located by triangulation. The process of triangulation is explained in this bundle. The shaking on the surface can be measured using the Richter Scale (actual movement of Earth) or the Mercalli Scale (how the shaking is perceived by humans). One activity in the bundle has students practice with the Mercalli Scale to help locate epicenter.
The PowerPoint then continues with volcanoes. It covers types of lava, parts of a volcano, the three types of volcanoes, dormant vs. active volcanoes, hazards associated with volcanoes and volcanoes found in other places within our solar system.
Volcanoes are formed when magma rises to the Earth's surface. The type of magma/lava will determine the type of volcano which is formed. Lava that is very thin and high in iron will form a very different volcano than a lava which is thick, gaseous and lower in iron.
All volcanoes have the same basic features: vent, cone, crater, and magma chamber but the three types of volcanoes vary in size and height based on the magma associated with them. The three types of volcanoes are composite, shield and cinder cone.
Volcanoes do come with hazards which include the lava, pyroclastics, Nuée ardentes, lahars and toxic gases.
Volcanoes do exist in other locations in the solar system, such as Mars, Venus and Io. And we continue to look for more examples of this volcanic activity in our solar system.
Video links are embedded within the PowerPoint that explain earthquake triangulation and show examples of hazards from both earthquakes and volcanoes.
Included in the Earthquakes and Volcanoes Super Bundle:
• PowerPoint: Earthquakes and Volcanoes
• PowerPoint Notes Handout: Earthquakes and Volcanoes
• Quiz: Earthquakes
• Quiz Key: Earthquakes
• Quiz: Volcanoes
• Quiz Key: Volcanoes
• Earthquakes - Mercalli Scale Activity
Test Super Bundle:
Included in the Test Super Bundle:
• Test Review: Earth's Interior, Faulting, Folding and Mountain Building, Earthquakes and Volcanoes
• Test: Earth's Interior, Faulting, Folding and Mountain Building, Earthquakes and Volcanoes
• Test Answer Sheet
• Test Key