Interpret a multiplication equation as a comparison, e.g., interpret 35 = 5 × 7 as a statement that 35 is 5 times as many as 7 and 7 times as many as 5. Represent verbal statements of multiplicative comparisons as multiplication equations.
Recognize that any two factors and their product can be read as a comparison (e.g., 8 is the same as 4 sets of 2 or 2 sets of 4; 8 is 4 times as many as 2, or 2 times as many as 4).
Recognize that multiplication represents groupings of numbers, and identify that the first factor in the equation represents the number of groups and the second factor represents how many within each group.
Make a comparison and be able to illustrate that 5 groups of 7 is the same as 7 groups of 5. Both products are 35.
Understand that this representation illustrates the Commutative Property of Multiplication.
Interpret a multiplication equation. Solve for the product.
Represent and solve multiplication equations through the use of models (e.g., arrays), illustrations, and writing.
Represent verbal statements of multiplicative comparisons as multiplication equations.