Magical Realism ~ Art History ~ Magic Realism ~ 181 Slides ~ very visual show
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This is a powerpoint presentation about Magical Realism & Magic Realism Art History. To best assess this presentation, download the preview, which contains 20 actual slides in pdf format. This listing contains text excerpts, below. In all, there are 181 highly visual slides.
EXCERPT 1: OVERVIEW IN BULLET POINTS
~ Definition of magical realism: art movement of painting in a meticulously realistic style of imaginary or fantastic scenes or images.
~ This movement is called Magical Realism (early years) OR Magic Realism (later years).
~ began after World War I; began in Weimar Germany, then spread to Europe and was ultimately transported to North America.
~ representational art, mixed with elements of fantasy. Magical Realism creates mystery through its details. It occurs in a sterile ambiance in which mystery would normally be lacking.
~ very detailed, sharply focused and emotion fraught
~ everyday world depicted in new and unfamiliar ways with often some hidden or suggestive content in the scene. Surrealism showed the fantastic. Magical Realism did not.
~ Franz Roh coined the term “magical realism” in 1925, in reference to the hidden, mystery element in the painting. He also published his book on the subject, “After Expressionism: Magical Realism: Problems of the Newest European Painting.”
~ Henri Rousseau and Giorgio de Chirico inspired these painters.
~ The first notable exhibit was in 1925 with “Die Neue Sachlichkeit (The New Objectivity).”
~ Grant Wood traveled to Germany several times before the Nazis took over. He studied Neue Sachlichkeit (New Objectivity) there.
~ The Nazis put an end to the movement in Germany and its occupied countries. They also put an end to Weimar Germany. Germany was reconfigured after WWII and was much smaller.
~ However, the art movement continued elsewhere for decades.
~ America had its own major exhibition, "American Realists and Magic Realists", at the Museum of Modern Art (MOMA) in New York during 1942.
~ Andrew Wyeth was in this show and became the most successful American artist associated with Magic Realism. Wyeth's “Christina’s World” is a very well known Magic Realism painting. The aspect which is hidden is that Christina is not young. She is in her 50s. Plus she is handicapped and cannot walk.
~ Two important North American Magic Realists were George Tooker, American, and Alex Colville, Canadian.
~ Unlike the Surrealists, the original Magical Realists were called the Quiet artists. Their paintings were subtle. They hid important elements instead of being overt.
~ Present day incarnations of these paintings are now called “Hyperrealism” or “Metaphysical Painting”.
~ The latest definition is by Matthew Strecher: “magic realism is what happens when a highly detailed, realistic setting is invaded by something 'too strange to believe’."
EXCERPT 2: EXCHANGE BETWEEN OTTO DIX AND HIS MODEL
~ The below exchange was recalled by Sylvia upon Otto’s death:
~ Otto: ’I must paint you! I simply must! ... You are representative of an entire epoch!'
~ Sylvia: ’So, you want to paint my lacklustre eyes, my ornate ears, my long nose, my thin lips; you want to paint my long hands, my short legs, my big feet—things which can only scare people off and delight no-one?'
~ Otto:’You have brilliantly characterized yourself, and all that will lead to a portrait representative of an epoch concerned not with the outward beauty of a woman but rather with her psychological condition.’
~ The resulting painting was very ambivalent about the New Woman.
~ The painting is shown in the movie and play of “Cabaret.”
Excerpt 3: Grant Wood's Art
~ AMERICAN GOTHIC: What could be more mundane than a farmer with a pitchfork, flanked by his wife in an apron, on his farm? If the painter is Grant Wood, we know it can’t possibly be mundane. Wood looks at the two of them through his hyper-realistic perspective and makes the couple mysterious. That is the essence of magic(al) realism. The farmer model was Wood’s dentist and the wife was Wood’s sister, Nan.
~ MIDNIGHT RIDE OF PAUL REVERE “Listen, my children, and you shall hear/Of the midnight ride of Paul Revere.” Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, 1863. Wood loved the tale as a child and imagined himself riding from town to town in Iowa giving the warning. He constructed his painting as if he were building a New England village made of toys.