Definition and causes of Demographic Aging
Demographic aging is defined as an increase in the proportion of the aged population (60 years and above) in relation to other segments in the age structure of a population. The rise in demographic aging in Africa may be accounted for by:
- The rising standards of living that allow people to live healthy and happy lives
- International migration of younger persons leading to scarcity of young persons within the population
- Adoption of advanced medical technology and the consequent decline in mortality rates.
- Decline in fertility and the consequent small family size as a result of social changes leading to reduced desirability of large families and the success of family planning programmes.