Making 10 to Subtract is an important skill for our primary learners. 10 becomes a benchmark number, which makes addition and subtraction a mental process. Initially, though, Making 10 to Subtract can be a tough skill. As we are guiding students to 10, it must be a hands-on process. Students must be given hands-on opportunities to break apart numbers, redistribute their placement on ten frames, and create new equations. Then, we move students to the semi-concrete, drawing and illustrating the process. Finally, students use numbers and number bonds to show their thinking. If students struggle with the semi-concrete or abstract stages of Making 10, then return to the concrete. Having a conceptual understanding of Making 10 is critical to true mastery. The resources in this download provide a variety of learning experiences for your students.
(All activities & games include at least 2 levels for differentiation, with some including 3-4 levels.)
Catherine - The Brown Bag Teacher