Making inferences is the art of making good guesses based on the evidence or information you have/have been given.
Some things we learn or are shown first hand. A picture of a pig on a farm tells us there is a pig on this farm.
Out first-hand observation of the pig tells us it is there.
Other things we have to infer, based on what we know; that is, make an educated guess based on reasoning though the information you do have.
Helping students to understand what information is implied, rather than directly stated, helps to improve their comprehension, their ability to draw conclusions, and their ability to make inferences from the information.
There are 10 different types of inferences: When, Where, What, Who, Actions, Feelings, What Next, What Already Happened, Problem/Solution, & Category.
There are a total of 136 cards for making inferences.
There are 53 pictures from which students are asked to make inferences.
There are 31 pictures with sentences from which students are asked to draw inferences.
There are 52 sentence cards without visuals from which students are asked to make inferences.
Try the “It says, I say, and so” model of making inferences posed by Beers (2003). I have modified it on the next page for you. I have also provided some visual cues for students.