Reading ability can develop dramatically as word study lessons develop experience with:
1. Letters and their corresponding sounds.
2. Components of words, such as roots, prefixes, and suffixes
3. Patterns of how words are spelled, such as word families.
4. How parts of words often will give hints to the meaning of a word, as well as its spelling or pronunciation.
5. Word study activities call for active problem solving. Students are encouraged to look for spelling patterns, form hypotheses, predict outcomes, and test them. These activities require students to continually ask themselves, "What do I know about this new word, and how is it similar to words that I already know?"