Looking for a way to engage your kinesthetic learners and visual learners? Think that the protein translation might be a topic that your student would rather avoid or find too abstract? Do you love genetics (or not love it) yet find that the processes of replication, transcription, and translation are topics that your dread?
Study of gene to protein is an integral part of any biology class. The process of replication, transcription, and translation can be complex topics, but they are also essential for understanding how inheritance and genetics work. Having the students get up, move around, collaborate together, think critically, and be creative can engage most students no matter what the level of ability.
Mind Mapping can boost engagement, long term retention of material, and help students see the connections between process and outcome. The use of Mind Maps helps students see the connection between the words and process. They help to use the whole brain and not segregate knowledge.
By the end of this activity, the student should be able to demonstrate (a) the codon found in the mRNA is responsible for determining the structure of a protein (primary sequence), (b) verbally, visually, and in writing differentiate between codon, anti-codon, ribosome, amino acid, mRNA and tRNA, (c) describe visually and in writing how the ribosome processes the mRNA signal to create an amino acid chain, and (d) the ability to decode mRNA codons into their corresponding amino acids using a genetic code chart.
Included in this activity are answer keys, tips for formative assessment, tips how to address common misconceptions, and a finished sample diagram for guidance.
At least 20-30 minutes total in order to give instructions, perform mapping activity, provide closing/summary statements, and answer follow-up questions. Follow-up questions can be given for homework.
ADDITIONAL SUPPLIES NEEDED (for set up): Paper and Scissors
This file contains the following:
7 page PDF of Structures with size recommendations to be printed out
1 page Finished Diagram - usable for demonstration or guidance if students get stuck
9 page Teacher Notes for planning, recommendations for printing, implementation, alignment with standards, and suggestions for differentiation (from Middle School to AP Biology)
1 page Guided Question Handout for Students after activity with Answer Key
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