Martin Luther King, Jr: Author’s Purpose and Main Ideas Unit of Study!
This weeklong mini-unit is focused around identifying the author’s purpose and details that support this idea while reading. You will be using several nonfiction texts focused on Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. to teach these concepts, allowing a social studies tie-in to your reading lessons. In the process, you will be targeting some key Common Core State Standards for second and third grade:
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.2.1. Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.2.2. Identify the main topic of a multiparagraph text as well as the focus of specific paragraphs within the text.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.2.3. Describe the connection between a series of historical events, scientific ideas or concepts, or steps in technical procedures in a text.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.2.6. Identify the main purpose of a text, including what the author wants to answer, explain, or describe.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.2.8. Describe how reasons support specific points the author makes in a text.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.2.9. Compare and contrast the most important points presented by two texts on the same topic.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.2.1. Participate in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about grade 2 topics and texts with peers and adults in small and larger groups.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.2.2. Recount or describe key ideas or details from a text read aloud or information presented orally or through other media.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.3.1. Ask and answer questions to demonstrate understanding of a text, referring explicitly to the text as the basis for the answers.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.3.2. Determine the main idea of a text; recount the key details and explain how they support the main idea.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.3.3. Describe the relationship between a series of historical events, scientific ideas or concepts, or steps in technical procedures in a text, using language that pertains to time, sequence, and cause/effect.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.3.8. Describe the logical connection between particular sentences and paragraphs in a text (e.g., comparison, cause/effect, first/second/third in a sequence).
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.3.9. Compare and contrast the most important points and key details presented in two texts on the same topic.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.3.1. Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 3 topics and texts, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.3.2. Determine the main ideas and supporting details of a text read aloud or information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally.
Based on your grade level and the amount of practice your students have already had with understanding the author’s message and key details that support it, this unit will be perfect for introducing, practicing, or reviewing this important reading skill.
Through five days, your students will practice understanding key details of a nonfiction text and connecting these details together to understand a topic fully. Your readers will then practice identifying main topics within sections of a text and entire books, using these main ideas to understand the author’s purpose and provide support of the author’s purpose with key points from the text. Finally, your students will practice comparing and contrasting the main message from each text with other texts on the subject. Throughout the entire unit, your students will practice discussing and sharing ideas with partners, small groups, and the class. We have also provided a Letter to Caregivers to introduce the unit and a rubric to close the unit.
While we have paced this pack as a short 5-day unit, it can easily be stretched into two weeks by spending two days per reading lesson and providing your students with additional time to practice the skills targeted.
Enjoy watching your students discuss and reflect on the author’s purpose and key details that support it in multiple texts on Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.!
Be sure to check out our other Reading Units of Study:
Unit 1: Constructing Our Reading LivesUnit 2: Flexing Our Reading MusclesUnit 3: Investigating the Minds of CharactersUnit 4: Navigating Through NonfictionUnit 5: Revving Up For Series ReadingUnit 6: Diving Deeper Into Nonfiction
Here are our units of study focused on amazing authors and texts:
Ezra Jack Keats: Reader's and Writer's Workshop Author SeriesNancy Carlson: Reader's and Writer's Workshop Author SeriesThe Polar Express: A Reading and Writing Unit of Study
Here are our units of study focused on Targeted Reading Skills:
Fables and Folktales [Central Message and Story Elements] Reading Unit of StudyFairy Tales [Comparing and Contrasting Characters] Reading Unit of StudyLittle Red Riding Hood [Point of View] Reading Unit of StudyMartin Luther King, Jr. [Author's Purpose and Main Ideas] Reading Unit of StudyPolar Animals [Text Features in Nonfiction Texts] Reading Unit of StudyPresidents of America [Main Idea & Key Details] Reading Unit of StudyThe Human Body [Comparing & Contrasting Texts] Reading Unit of Study
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