In 1934 an African-American minister, Michael King, made an overseas trip that changed both his life and that of his little son. While in Germany he was so impressed with the legacy of Martin Luther that he literally changed his name to Martin Luther King. Later he went even further. He changed his young son’s name to Martin Luther King Jr.
When deciding whether an act of political or religious protest is justified one should consider the following criteria:
1. The purpose or ends of the action—are either or both just?
2. The method or means of protest—do the ends justify the means?
3. The alternatives to the action—could the same ends be obtained by less objectionable means?
4. The effect of the action—did the means actually help achieve the ends?
Using the above criteria students will assess Martin Luther’s nailing of Ninety-Five Theses on the door of Wittenberg Castle denouncing many of what he perceived as problems associated with the Catholic Church in Rome. They will then apply the same criteria to Pope Leo’s excommunication of Luther. And, finally, they will assess Luther’s condemnation of the Peasants Revolt.
1. Students will learn why Martin Luther decided to protest the actions of the Catholic Church.
2. Students will evaluate the means, methods and ends of the actions taken by Martin Luther, Pope Leo and others associated with the Reformation.
Thank you very much for purchasing this lesson. I would greatly appreciate any feedback and hopefully a favorable review.