This comprehensive unit includes 4 mini units on matter; atomic structure, states of matter, properties of matter, and physical and chemical changes. Aligned to current NGSS standards and practices.
Activity 1: Periodic Table Card Sort to help introduce the Periodic Table
Activity 2: Understanding the Element Square Students will learn to read an element square and gain information about an element.
Activity 3: Atom Building Challenge Students build models of atoms using toothpicks and candy (Detailed lesson plan and student activity sheets and answer keys included)
Activity 4: Lego Atoms Students use Lego to represent elements. They then build compounds and molecules to help construct understanding of abstract vocabulary.
Activity 5: Atom Foldable Students create a foldable to help review vocabulary from the mini unit
The Atoms Family Song (sung to the tune of the Adam’s Family)
State of Matter:
Activity 1: Movin’ Molecules Students explore how molecules move in solids, liquids, and gases. (Detailed lesson plan and student activity sheets and answer keys included.)
Activity 2: Witch’s Brew Students engage in a hands on activity using dry ice and dish soap to investigate sublimation. (Detailed teacher instructions and student activity sheet included.)
Activity 3: It’s a Solid, It’s a Liquid! Students engage in a hands on activity using a cornstarch and water mixture to investigate a colloid. Teacher directions and student activity sheet included.)
Activity 4: States of Matter Foldable Students create a foldable to help review vocabulary from the mini unit
Properties of Matter:
Activity 1: The Properties Game This first activity is a game to help develop a conceptual understanding of what a property is in reference to matter.
Activity 2: Separating Mixtures In this activity, students use unique properties of different objects to separate a mixture. Math is integrated into this lesson using mass and percentage. (A detailed lesson plan and student activity sheets are included.)
Activity 3: Investigating Volume Students investigate finding the volume of irregular shaped objects using displacement.
Activity 4: Density Columns Students explore the density of different liquids and create a density column.
Physical and Chemical Changes:
Activity 1: White Powder Investigation This first activity allows students to investigate how a substance can change in size and shape, but retain it’s properties.
Activity 2: Physical Change Foldable This foldable summarizes the different types of changes that do not change the chemical make up of something. Categories help students solidify this concept.
Activity 3: Film Canister Rockets In this highly engaging activity, students create a simple chemical reaction inside a film canister rocket and watch as it blasts off. The idea of variables is introduced as students experiment to make their rocket go the highest.
Activity 4: Chemistry in a Bag This exciting and efficient experiment lets students investigate common indicators of chemical change such as heat change, color change, and gas production. All this in the confines of a Ziploc bag!
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