Neither the Crusades nor the Reformation can be understood if your students do not understand the passion that underlies Christianity influence on the medieval world in Europe. Although the Church hierarchy was very strong, the people felt that the religion was theirs, and often turned on the Roman Catholic Church when they considered it to being an inadequate caretaker of the people’s religion. In a Common Core approach to medieval Christianity, the student will be doing a close reading a primary source, thinking as historian, and writing concisely to express what they have learned from that text. The ten texts that are used for this project include: St. Augustine, Bede, St. Anselm, Hildegard of Bingen, St. Thomas Aquinas, William Langland, Julian of Norwich, A Cloud of Unknowing, Margery Kempe, Thomas A Kempis. Give the students a taste of monastery life in a form of experiential education, by having the students working under a “Vow of Silence”.