A great READING resource with QUESTIONS and ANSWER KEY included! It focuses on the topic of the Mexican American War.
Included are 1 page reading, 1 page question sheet and 1 page answer key! Perfect for homework assignments, classwork or reading for test review! Can be used for both middle and high school level.
The reading provides students a historical context about the circumstances that led to the war with Mexico. For instance, there were multiple disagreements and conflicts between both countries that severed the relationship. This involved United States annexing Texas (former Mexican territory), the dispute about Texan border on Rio Grande versus the border on Nueces River and most importantly the United States' proposal to purchase California and New Mexico territories. The next section of the reading focuses on the reasons why America declared war on Mexico. This consisted of President Polk's frustration with Mexico as an impediment in preventing United States from fulfilling its goal of territorial expansion. The other reason focuses on the death of eleven American soldiers shot by the Mexican army for crossing into Mexico border of the Rio Grande. There is also a section on the different military tactics used by the United States to win the war. It mentions the four generals of John C. Fremont, Stephen Kearney, Zachary Taylor and Winfield Scott who all secured claims over New Mexico, southern California, northern California, central Mexico and northern Mexico. Most importantly, the reading also explains the significance of the outcome of Mexican-American war. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo left Mexico with half of its territories as it ceded California and New Mexico to the United States, and forced to recognize the Texan border of Rio Grande. Lastly, the reading will provide an overview of how the Mexican-American war conflict once again sparked sectional tensions between the North and South about slavery permitted in newly acquired territories. The Wilmot Proviso was an example of how the nation was divided over the issue of slavery and how it contradicted the nation's values for freedom and equality.
Some vocabulary words and key terms that are included in this reading are Mexico, annex, Texas, Nueces River, Rio Grande, President Polk, John Slidell, negotiations, General Zachary Taylor, Whigs, John C. Fremont, Stephen Kearney, Sante Fe, Winfield Scott, Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, Bear Flag Republic, Mexican Cession, Nicholas Trist, slavery, Wilmot Proviso, David Wilmot, California, New Mexico, Civil War, Manifest Destiny and westward expansion.
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