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Middle School Earth Science Nonfiction Texts

Grade Levels
6th - 8th, Homeschool
Formats Included
  • PDF
32 pages
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Do you want non-fiction text to supplement your NGSS lesson plans about Earth's Systems? Then this is a great resource for you and your students!

There are 17 articles in this resource.

The passages were written with middle schoolers in mind, but the information is very interesting and would be useful for other grades as well.

Do NOT purchase this if you are purchasing our units. They are included in them.

There are articles about:

- Layers of the Earth

-Ocean Floor - Seafloor Spreading

-Types of Rocks

-Weathering and Erosion

-What are Minerals, and What Are They Used for?

-The Four Spheres that Make Up the Earth's Systems

-What Role Do Animals and Plants Have in the Cycling of Water

-What is an Aquifer?

-Ocean Currents and Tides

-Would You Drink This Water?

-What Are Air Masses and Fronts?

-How Does Air Pressure Affect People?

-Meteor Impacts


-Underground Landforms: Caves and Sinkholes

-A Day at the Beach / The Science of Being Cool

-Ocean Currents

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Related Resources

Middle School NGSS: Earth and Human Activity BUNDLE

Invasive Plant Species: NGSS: MS-LS2-4 and MS-LS2-5

Ecosystem Populations: NGSS: MS-LS2-4

Endangered Animals: NGSS: MS-LS2-4 and MS-LS2-5

Endangered Plants: NGSS: MS-LS2-4 and MS-LS2-5

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Total Pages
32 pages
Answer Key
Teaching Duration
3 Weeks
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to see state-specific standards (only available in the US).
Collect data to provide evidence for how the motions and complex interactions of air masses result in changes in weather conditions. Emphasis is on how air masses flow from regions of high pressure to low pressure, causing weather (defined by temperature, pressure, humidity, precipitation, and wind) at a fixed location to change over time, and how sudden changes in weather can result when different air masses collide. Emphasis is on how weather can be predicted within probabilistic ranges. Examples of data can be provided to students (such as weather maps, diagrams, and visualizations) or obtained through laboratory experiments (such as with condensation). Assessment does not include recalling the names of cloud types or weather symbols used on weather maps or the reported diagrams from weather stations.
Develop and use a model to describe how unequal heating and rotation of the Earth cause patterns of atmospheric and oceanic circulation that determine regional climates. Emphasis is on how patterns vary by latitude, altitude, and geographic land distribution. Emphasis of atmospheric circulation is on the sunlight-driven latitudinal banding, the Coriolis effect, and resulting prevailing winds; emphasis of ocean circulation is on the transfer of heat by the global ocean convection cycle, which is constrained by the Coriolis effect and the outlines of continents. Examples of models can be diagrams, maps and globes, or digital representations. Assessment does not include the dynamics of the Coriolis effect.
Develop a model to describe the cycling of water through Earth’s systems driven by energy from the sun and the force of gravity. Emphasis is on the ways water changes its state as it moves through the multiple pathways of the hydrologic cycle. Examples of models can be conceptual or physical. A quantitative understanding of the latent heats of vaporization and fusion is not assessed.
Develop a model to describe the cycling of Earth’s materials and the flow of energy that drives this process. Emphasis is on the processes of melting, crystallization, weathering, deformation, and sedimentation, which act together to form minerals and rocks through the cycling of Earth’s materials. Assessment does not include the identification and naming of minerals.
Construct an explanation based on evidence for how geoscience processes have changed Earth’s surface at varying time and spatial scales. Emphasis is on how processes change Earth’s surface at time and spatial scales that can be large (such as slow plate motions or the uplift of large mountain ranges) or small (such as rapid landslides or microscopic geochemical reactions), and how many geoscience processes (such as earthquakes, volcanoes, and meteor impacts) usually behave gradually but are punctuated by catastrophic events. Examples of geoscience processes include surface weathering and deposition by the movements of water, ice, and wind. Emphasis is on geoscience processes that shape local geographic features, where appropriate.


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