This mini unit is WONDERFUL for introducing students to the theories of WHY government is necessary and HOW government should work.
Generally, I open the presentation with a discussion of how governments often revolve around where power should be distributed: solely with the ruler (hence, the picture of the king overshadowing the town, a cover often used in Hobbes' Leviathan), or residing with the people (hence, the picture of protesting crowds). I make a point of discussing what happens when the ruler reserves the majority of power and what could happen when the people hold power (they may abuse it - hence the scene from the French Revolution).
After explaining the two extremes of government power (absolute versus mob rule), the presentation guides students through the different theories of Niccolo Machiavelli, Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Charles de Montesquieu, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
The PowerPoint presentation is complete with slide notes, highlighted titles, vocabulary words, and important ideas, and includes custom animation. The presentation is saved using a 97-2003 format.
The purchase also includes a graphic organizer in which students will identify the main points associated with each philosophe and answer questions based on the discussion.
I have also included a series of biographies on Niccolo Machiavelli, Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and Charles de Montesquieu. These biographies re-enforce the ideas presented in the PowerPoint and include questions to check for understanding. In using these in my own class room, students are encouraged to:
1. Number the paragraphs
2. Read the biography
3. Highlight answers in the reading
4. Use complete sentences.
The answer keys demonstrates these steps.
Finally, I have included two assessments based on the PowerPoint presentation and biographies. Both assessments include multiple choice questions. Additionally, one assessment obliges students to complete a chart stating both why people might need rules and why people might not need rules. The other assessment, which I typically gear towards my GATE students, calls for brief paragraphs answers based on the discussion. Assessments have been uploaded in Word format to allow for changes as needed.
I have had a great deal of success with this mini unit, and hope you and your students enjoy it as much as I do. Please feel free to browse the store for other products related to US History, World History, and Government.
Should you have any questions, please email me at email@example.com or contact me via the Q&A section on TpT.