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WHY USE MORPHEMES FOR VOCABULARY DEVELOPMENT??
The goal is to extend vocabulary and roots are an amazing place to start.One known root can identify many words that the student may have heard before or read and doesn’t understand. Prefixes and suffixes also help with the same exact thing by providing a clue to what the word means. This expands their receptive and expressive vocabulary exponentially by giving them to a tool to learn instead of rote memorization of lists of words. It also receptively aids with their decoding skills both semantically and phonemically if they know the pronunciation of the morpheme
There are 20 different commonly used suffixes that account for 93% of all suffixes. There are about 160 other suffixes; however, they only occur in about 7% of all other words. There are 20 different prefixes are included. These prefixes account for 97% of all prefixes. There are about 100 other prefixes; however, they only occur in about 3% of all other words. Teaching these 20's exposes the student to a majority of words containing a prefix or suffix. Instead of learning words using one by one memorization, teaching units like prefixes and suffixes gives the student something applicable, a tool to use in the future.
Information and data from:
Telian, N. (N.A.). The magic of morphology. Weymouth, MA: Reading with TLC.
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