This literature unit on the Modern era is the seventh in the American Literary movement series which includes: The Puritan Era, The Age of Reason, The Romantic Era, Transcendentalism, Realism, Harlem Renaissance, Modernism and Post Modernism. The aftermath of World Wars I and II produced a psychological disillusionment in the many people who experienced the physical and mental trauma of war. They wrestled with broken foundations of trust and truth that they previously relied upon. The inconsistency of a shattered world was taken as the only constant. The tragedies of war gave birth to fragmentation and alienation within the human mind, between people and became expressed through the artistic and literary mediums. In Europe and North American, internal acceptance of this defeated world gave rise to the Modern era. This unit includes a comprehensive PDF power point that covers the historic and psychological context, notable writers and writings, as well as scaffolded guided notes that make the topics and issues of the Modern era relevant to the students.