Help your students become proficient with equivalent fractions with the four games, task cards, and printable resources in this bundle. Fraction equivalency is a major concept in the Common Core State Standards for Math in the intermediate grades, and a strong understanding of fraction equivalence lays the foundation for addition and subtraction of fraction with unlike denominators in fifth grade. The games, task cards, and resources included will provide your students with practice with key fraction standards in the Common Core.
Common Core State Standards for Mathematics addressed:
Number and Operations – Fractions (3.NF, 4.NF)
• Understand two fractions as equivalent (equal) if they are the same size, or the same point on a number line. (3.NF.3a)
• Recognize and generate simple equivalent fractions (e.g., 1/2 = 2/4, 4/6 = 2/3). Explain why the fractions are equivalent, e.g., by using a visual fraction model. (3.NF.3b)
• Explain why a fraction a/b is equivalent to a fraction (n × a)/(n × b) by using visual fraction models, with attention to how the number and size of the parts differ even though the two fractions themselves are the same size. Use this principle to recognize and generate equivalent fractions. (4.NF.1)
• Compare two fractions with different numerators and different denominators, e.g., by creating common denominators or numerators, or by comparing to a benchmark fraction such as 1/2. Recognize that comparisons are valid only when the two fractions refer to the same whole. Record the results of comparisons with symbols >, =, or <, and justify the conclusions, e.g., by using a visual fraction model. (4.NF.2)
Included in this bundle are:
• four fraction games (boards and spinners) – "Monkey Mania", "Monkey Mania Two", "Jumping Giraffes", and "Jumping Giraffes Two"
• teacher directions
• student direction sheets
• three different student recording sheets
• equivalent fraction reference sheets
• thirty-two task cards (focusing on halves, thirds, fourths, fifths, and sixths)
• task card answer sheet and key
• two one-page activity sheets with scoring guides
• equivalent fraction graphic (color and black & white versions), sized to fit in your students’ math journals
The games are designed to help students practice identifying equivalent fractions and finding the simplest form of complex fractions, as well as reinforcing the fraction vocabulary "numerator" and "denominator." As students play, a player spins to get a fraction, then moving his or her pawn to a connected fraction that is equivalent to the fraction spun. Play continues until someone reachers the final space.
The games focus on different fractions, with one set of games focusing on halves, thirds, and fourths and the other on fourths, fifths, and sixths. Use the different boards to differentiate in your math class, allowing your students to practice with the fractions that best match their level of understanding.
As students play, have them use the recording sheet to show the relationship between the fraction spun and the fraction on the board. The recording sheet labels the numerator and denominator of the fractions to reinforce these terms. When the students have finished playing, you can use the recording sheet to assess student mastery of fraction equivalency.
While playing, students can use the accompanying reference sheets – one set for Monkey Mania & Jumping Giraffes and another for Monkey Mania Two & Jumping Giraffes Two – to help them see the relationship between the equivalent fractions. A visual model of each fraction pair is shown, allowing students to more easily recognize why the fractions in each pair are equivalent. Students can glue the sheets in their journals for handy reference as they explore other fraction concepts. You can even have the reference sheets enlarged to poster size and hang them in your room for students to refer to during your fraction instruction. Alternatively, you can use the reference sheets with the blank models as an instructional tool. The models are labeled with the fractions from the gameboards and spinners. Have your students shade the appropriate number of sections of each model to match the given fraction. Students will begin to internalize the fraction relationships as they create their own representation of each fraction.
After the students play the games, use the Monkey Mania task cards to provide additional practice for your kids. The thirty-two cards allow students to practice identifying the relationship between equivalent fractions. The fractions on the cards use the same denominators featured on the games and reference sheets. Use the included graphic to show students different visual models for comparing equivalent fractions – represented with circle models, number lines, and fractions of set. Then, have your students work in pairs, small groups, or on their own to work through the 24 task cards. The focus on five specific denominators (2, 3, 4, 5, and 6) will allow your students to receive multiple exposures to the same fractions, building their automaticity with recognizing equivalent fractions.
Wrap up your instruction, or extend the students' practice, with the two one-page activity sheets. The similarly formatted sheets make them perfect for pre- and post-assessment, but they serve equally well as classwork, homework, or center activities!
The games and fraction reference sheets are also available separately, without the task cards or journal insert –
Monkey Mania & Jumping Giraffes – equivalent fraction games & resources
In addition, the task cards and journal insert are available separately from the games –
Monkey Mania – equivalent fractions task cards
I hope your students enjoy these fraction resources and become more expert with equivalent fractions! – Dennis McDonald