A great READING resource with QUESTIONS and ANSWER KEY included! It focuses on the topic of Monroe Doctrine.
Included are 1 page reading, 1 page question sheet and 1 page answer key! Perfect for homework assignments, classwork or reading for test review! Can be used for both middle and high school level.
The reading first breaks down the term of Monroe Doctrine by explaining the definition of "doctrine" and how it sets the tone for American foreign policy. It provides a time frame of when Monroe Doctrine was first introduced. A historical context is provided as it sets the time frame of global events. It mentions the start of independence movements in Latin America and the end of Napoleonic Wars. These events pushed the United States to issue the Monroe Doctrine as economic interests were threatened by Spain and Portugal's attempt to enforce mercantilism and not allow their colonies to trade with America. The next section of the reading focuses on factors that influenced Monroe Doctrine. For instance, political motivating factors involved defending liberty, justice and democracy. On the other hand, there were also economic factors such as establishing exclusive trading rights and partnerships with independent countries in South America. This will allow students to ponder the question whether Monroe Doctrine was created to defend American economic interests or political ideals of freedom for South America.
There is also a specific section on the list of conditions and proposals of the Monroe Doctrine. This includes warning European powers to not colonize in the western hemisphere, and in return the United States would not interfere in European conflicts. Most importantly, the reading focuses on Great Britain's proposal from British Foreign Secretary George Canning to issue a joint proclamation. It will explain to students why Secretary of State John Quincy Adams decided to issue an independent proclamation (Monroe Doctrine) due to a fractured relationship with Great Britain from War of 1812 and the need to solidify United States' position as a rising world power.
Lastly, there is a section on the significance and effects of Monroe Doctrine on American foreign policy. It will briefly mention how it inspired President Andrew Jackson to expand westward, and how the foreign policy was expanded through the Roosevelt Corollary. Some vocabulary words and key terms that are included in this reading are doctrine, monarchy, revolution, Napoleonic Wars, mercantilism, western hemisphere, John Quincy Adams, George Canning, proclamation, War of 1812, impressment, Andrew Jackson, Manifest Destiny, Theodore Roosevelt, intervention and Roosevelt Corollary.
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