This document contains several activities to help students work on various multiplication skills, specifically geared toward fifth grade Common Core standards. While the activities were generated based on the fifth grade standards, several of the activities can be easily differentiated and can serve as enrichment for fourth grade and intervention for sixth grade.
The activities in the document include:
Lots of Lollipops: This activity was actually structured in a format similar to a question developed by PARCC for the math practice test. With this activity, there are 3 different levels to support students at different ability levels within your classroom. Each level is structured exactly the same; however, the numbers within the activity are different. Level A has numbers that are reflective of grade-level expectations. Level B can be considered a level lower, and Level C has students working with numbers that are multiples of 10.
Challenge Your Brain: Again, this activity was created based on the wording of how students would be tested on the PARCC assessment. The scenarios were changed; however, the mathematical thinking and skills stayed the same. I created these first two activities after seeing my students struggle on these types of questions when taking the practice test.
Roll with It!: This game can be used as a tool to have the students practice using the US algorithm to solve multiplication problems. Again, this activity is differentiated for the varying ability levels you may have in your classroom. The direction sheet is the same for all levels; however, the recording sheet is different, allowing you to differentiate the size of problem you want your students to solve.
Multiplication Online Practice: This activity can be used for early finishers or for students who just need additional practice outside of the direct instruction time. The direction sheet for this activity has a section that directs students to where they can practice 3-digits times 1-digit and a section that directs them to where they can practice 2-digits times 2-digits. There is also a spot on the sheet for students to record how many points they got in order for you to better monitor their progress.
What’s the Most Efficient Way?: This activity consists of four word problems that deal with multiplying larger numbers by multiples of 10. This activity can be used to pre-assess your students' ability to use their understanding of base 10 when multiplying larger numbers.
Multiplying by Multiples of 10: These are 25 problems for students to simply practice multiplying by multiples of 10.
Power Up!: This is a game for students to build their understanding of the patterns in the number of zeros of the product when multiplying a number by powers of 10. All you need for this game is dice!
Multiplication of Large Numbers in the Real World: For this activity, students are expected to create their own real-world scenarios that reflect the use of multiplying large numbers. You can differentiate this activity by specifying to students how large their problems should be.
Multiplication of Decimals in the Real World: Again, for this activity, students are expected to create their own real-world scenarios that reflect the use of multiplying decimals. You can again differentiate this activity by specifying to students how large their problems should be.
Multiplying Using Arrays!: This activity is structured for gradual release: I do, we do, you do. The first page of this activity shows students how to solve large multiplication problems using arrays. The next page gives students the problems to solve and the blank array boxes needed to solve the problems. The final page just gives students the problems to solve (They have to draw the arrays.).
I used each of these activities in my classroom last year and witnessed my students' overall growth and understanding of not only the processes used when multiplying larger numbers, but also the application of their multiplication skills in real-world scenarios!