These puzzles (six puzzles for each number 2 through 9) were created to help students learn the multiples for each number and thus memorize the basic facts more readily. One strategy for beginning multiplication is to skip count. For example, 5 x 7 would be skip counted as counting by fives, seven times: 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35. Children who become familiar with the skip count patterns will find themselves memorizing the basic facts more quickly!
These puzzles will help your students meet the following Common Core math standards:
• CCSS.Math.Content.3.OA.C.7 Fluently multiply and divide within 100, using strategies such as the relationship between multiplication and division (e.g., knowing that 8 × 5 = 40, one knows 40 ÷ 5 = 8) or properties of operations. By the end of Grade 3, know from memory all products of two one-digit numbers.
• CCSS.Math.Content.3.OA.D.9 Identify arithmetic patterns (including patterns in the addition table or multiplication table), and explain them using properties of operations.
Ideas for using these pages:
One puzzle at a time:
• Cut the pages in half and use one puzzle each day as a warmup, enrichment or center activity, or for homework.
• *For extra practice, instruct students to write the series of facts for the focus number on the back of each page.
As a booklet:
• Leave the pages intact (do not cut in half) and copy them back-to-back with the cover page on top. Fast finishers may work on their Multiples Puzzles packet when they finish their work (it will buy you several weeks without "I'm done!" distractions while they are practicing their facts).
• *For extra practice, tell students to write the series of facts for the focus number down the middle of each page, between the puzzles. (If they find the puzzles challenging, you might have them write the series of facts first – the series of answers will help them see the sequence of numbers they're looking for!)
Thanks for downloading, and happy teaching! :)