My changing schema explanation:
We are always modifying our schema, no matter what level, PreK-adult. Schema is thinking about:
1. Do I have enough?
2. Am I thinking about the right schema?
3. Am I activating my schema? (am I using my background knowledge)
Our job is to teach the students to find the right “file folder” and access it quickly.
This graphic organizer is designed to help students overcome “misconceptions” they might have about a topic.
1. Research still relevant today (Anderson, 1977) has proven that students are unlikely to change existing schemata unless:
a. They recognize that their current schemata no longer provide an adequate account of the data they gather in everyday experience
b. They can see a way out of their difficulty
2. In the first column, the student writes what they know before they read. They fill in all 3 file folders with 3 things they “know” before reading.
3. Then students read. After reading, discuss whether their ideas were the same or different form the author’s/textbooks ideas. If there were some differences, go back into the text and find what the text said, and write it in the middle column. Fill out the last column with their “NEW” and correct schema!
You could use this graphic organizer different ways…when they are more proficient at identifying immediately in the text something that goes against what their existing schema is, they can do the chart as they read.
If you have questions about this strategy, please email Amy Sandvold at @PrincipalAmy on twitter