This book Has 137 pages
Toilet Training with a child with Autism Spectrum Disorder can be challenging. It is not uncommon for children with ASD to be delayed in toilet training than their typically developing peers ( 2-3 years), with some never becoming toilet trained. Toilet training can have implications on a child’s acceptance with peers ( especially at school) , their self-confidence, hygiene and acceptance, thus, Able2learn has put together free downloadable materials to help the parent or teacher teach toilet training.
How Do You Know When To Start Potty Training?
There are signs to indicate a child is ready to be trained to use the washroom. In general, these signs are the same as typically developing children.
Some signs are:
1. Being able to tell you ( or show you with a sign or gesture) that she has wet or soiled her nappy or clothes.
2. Being able to follow a simple instruction, such as "sit on the toilet", and being able to pull her pants up and down.
3. Having regular formed bowel movements.
4. Having adequate bladder control ( able to stay dry for at least one hour at a time during the daytime).
5. Can sit down for at least 2 to 5 minutes.
6. Dislikes the feeling of a soiled or dirty diaper.
7. Can pull pants up and down.
8. Is not resistant to learning to use the toilet
Start With Smaller Strategies
We discuss some strategies that can help aid your child in the success of toilet training.
1. Start by familiarizing your child with the bathroom. For example, start by familiarizing the child with the toilet, what it is, how to use it. Ensure your child is not scared of the toilet and the flushing sound. Ensure your child is comfortable in the bathroom.
2. Use reward systems to encourage achievement. This could be in the form ofa toy, a favourite food or a verbal praise.
3. Use visuals to help reinforce expectations and next steps.
4. Use visual story books and videos to visually show and teach the expectations of toilet training.
5. Use social praise and encouragement and, not negative reinforcement.
Rewarding your child for an accomplishment no matter how big or small is important. You can use items around the house for rewards. We have created some rewards and two blank cards for you to fill in. Goals can be immediate and simple, pull down pants, or long-term such as ( three days with no accidents, or peeing 5 times in the toilet).
Visual Strips for Toilet Targets:
We have included different visual strips for you to place in the bathroom to remind your child of the different steps they need to perform to receive their reward.
There are visual charts for going to the washroom at home, the school and the community. The school and the community visual charts are the same and interchangeable. One for going pee and one for going pooh for each one, home and outside the home.
We have included 4 different type of social stories for going to the washroom. Read these at bedtime, during the day, talk with your child about the stories, remember make it fun.
We have included different types of reward charts for different goals, like a Potty Chart, Bathroom Chart, My Washroom Checklist amongst others.
We have included an I SPY game and a matching game to reinforce the idea of learning how to go to the washroom. Use the games to go over the steps and familiarize your child without putting pressure on them.
We have fun academic worksheets to learn about toileting, while working on printing, math, visual discrimination and vocabulary.
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