NGSS Earth and Space Science Lesson Plans BUNDLE #5 The History of Planet Earth

NGSS Earth and Space Science Lesson Plans BUNDLE #5 The History of Planet Earth
NGSS Earth and Space Science Lesson Plans BUNDLE #5 The History of Planet Earth
NGSS Earth and Space Science Lesson Plans BUNDLE #5 The History of Planet Earth
NGSS Earth and Space Science Lesson Plans BUNDLE #5 The History of Planet Earth
NGSS Earth and Space Science Lesson Plans BUNDLE #5 The History of Planet Earth
NGSS Earth and Space Science Lesson Plans BUNDLE #5 The History of Planet Earth
NGSS Earth and Space Science Lesson Plans BUNDLE #5 The History of Planet Earth
NGSS Earth and Space Science Lesson Plans BUNDLE #5 The History of Planet Earth
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These easy-to-use, turnkey lesson plans are aligned with the NGSS High School Earth and Space Science performance expectations and disciplinary core ideas in ESS1: Earth’s Place in the Universe. Each lesson plan includes a summary, a list of resources, learning outcomes, the NGSS alignment for the lesson, lesson procedures, one Science Literacy Activity. The lesson plans also include recommended discussion questions and sample responses, assessment questions and an answer key, computational problems and their solutions.

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Please review a list of lesson plans and the learning outcomes provided below. The list will be growing as I am adding new lesson plans and teaching resources. Purchase this BUNDLE now to receive all yet-to-be-added lesson plans and teaching resources for FREE. The price of this BUNDLE will increase as additional materials are added. Follow me to receive email notifications when new lesson plans and teaching resources are added. Notifications are sent via TpT Inbox.

UNIT 5 THE HISTORY OF PLANET EARTH

Lesson Plan 40. Impact Cratering and the History of the Earth and the Solar System (with Science Literacy Activity #40 - Impact Cratering and the History of the Earth)
Upon completion of this lesson, students will be able to:
• Explain what the Hadean Eon is.
• List the processes that have been continuously erasing impact craters from the Earth’s surface since the Hadean Eon.
• Explain why scientists propose that we can learn more about the Hadean Eon by studying the surface of the Moon.
• Explain how scientific studies of the Moon can tell us about the relationship between surface ages and the number of impact craters.
• Compare the age of lunar maria to the age of lunar highlands.
• Explain why counting impact craters is not a simple process.
• Explain what the impact cratering method tell us about the age of the Martian surface.

Lesson Plan 41. Plate Tectonics and the Age of the Earth’s Surface (with Science Literacy Activity #41 - Plate Tectonics and the Age of the Earth’s Surface)
Upon completion of this lesson, students will be able to:
• Describe the processes that erased the Earth’s ancient impact craters.
• Explain what makes the Earth geologically active.
• Compare the lithosphere and the asthenosphere.
• Explain what causes slow convection in the asthenosphere.
• Explain what plate tectonics is.
• Describe three types of plate boundaries.
• Explain what seafloor spreading is.
• Describe the formation of mid-ocean ridges.
• Explain what happens to oceanic lithosphere as it moves away from a mid-ocean ridge.
• Describe how the oceanic lithosphere returns back to the mantle.
• Evaluate evidence of the past and current movements of continental and oceanic crust and the theory of plate tectonics explaining the ages of crustal rocks.
• Describe the evidence of the change in the age of oceanic crust in accordance with the distance from mid-ocean ridges.

Lesson Plan 42. Radiometric Dating and the Age of the Earth (with Science Literacy Activity #42 - Radiometric Dating and the Age of the Earth)
Upon completion of this lesson, students will be able to:
• Explain what radioactive isotopes are.
• Describe the difference between a parent isotope and a daughter isotope.
• Explain what an isotope’s half-life is.
• Describe radiometric dating.
• Explain what geochronology is.
• Explain how scientists use a radioactive isotope of potassium, 40K, to determine the age of rocks on the Earth.
• Describe the important assumption that scientists make when they use the radioactive isotope 40K to determine the age of rocks.
• Explain how the radiometric dating method, which uses the radioactive isotope 40K, can sometimes be inaccurate.
• Explain what scientists have to do in order to correctly determine the age of rocks.
• Describe the oldest rocks discovered on the Earth.

Lesson Plan 43. Formation of the Earth (with Science Literacy Activity #43 - Formation of the Earth)
Upon completion of this lesson, students will be able to:
• Describe how Immanuel Kant and Pierre Simon Laplace explained the formation of the Solar System.
• Describe the problems with the original nebular hypothesis.
• Describe how the Solar Nebular Disk Model explains the formation of the Solar System.
• Explain how astronomical observations support the Solar Nebular Disk Model.
• Explain how the self-gravity of cosmic objects defines their shape.
• Explain how the self-gravity of planets influences their internal properties.
• Explain why the moons of Mars have irregular shapes.
• Explain why the Moon, which is the Earth’s natural satellite, has a spherical shape.

Lesson Plan 44. Gravity Maps and Surface Features of Planets (with Science Literacy Activity #44 - Gravity Maps and Surface Features of Planets)
Upon completion of this lesson, students will be able to:
• Explain how a planet’s gravity sets limits for the height of mountains on the planet.
• Describe how scientists define weight.
• Explain why we would feel lighter on Mars than on the Earth.
• Explain what a gravity anomaly is.
• Describe how NASA scientists study the gravity anomalies of Mars.
• Explain how the Earth’s rotation changes the Earth’s shape and affects the Earth’s gravity.

Lesson Plan 45. Formation of the Moon and Its Effect on the Earth (with Science Literacy Activity #45 - Formation of the Moon and Its Effect on the Earth)
Upon completion of this lesson, students will be able to:
• Describe theories proposed to explain the origin of the Moon.
• What is the most commonly accepted theory of the formation of the Moon?
• Describe how the Giant Impact Theory explains the formation of the Moon.
• Describe how the Moon’s orbit has changed since the formation of the Moon.
• Explain what causes tides.
• Explain why the tide-raising power of the Sun is different from that of the Moon.
• Explain how tides can cause coastal flooding on the Earth.
• Explain how the Moon affects water circulation in the Earth’s oceans.
• Discuss any impact of the young Moon on the Earth’s interior.

Lesson Plan 46. The History of the Earth’s Rotation (with Science Literacy Activity #46 - The History of the Earth’s Rotation)
Upon completion of this lesson, students will be able to:
• Explain how the Earth’s gravity has changed the rotation of the Moon.
• Explain how the Earth’s gravity has changed the Moon’s orbit.
• Explain what tidal braking is.
• Describe how the length of the Earth’s day changes.
• Explain how the Moon affects the Earth’s axis of rotation and the planet’s climate.
• Explain how changing atmospheric pressure can affect the Earth’s rotation.
• Explain how winds in the Earth’s atmosphere can change the Earth’s rotation.
• Provide empirical evidence confirming that an earthquake can change the Earth’s rotation and shape.

Lesson Plan 47. Meteors, Meteorites and the Earth (with Science Literacy Activity #47 - What Meteors and Meteorites Can Do to the Earth)
Upon completion of this lesson, students will be able to:
• Explain what shooting stars are.
• Describe the properties of the interplanetary dust particles that reach the Earth’s surface every day.
• Explain how interplanetary dust particles produce meteors.
• Explain how a comet can cause a meteor shower.
• Describe how cosmic dust particles can damage a spacecraft or a space-walking astronaut.
• Explain how asteroids, planets and moons can produce dust particles.
• Explain how cosmic dust particles can affect the Earth’s atmosphere and climate.
• Provide examples of how cosmic dust particles can affect life on the Earth.
• Describe how diamonds from outer space can reach the Earth’s surface.
• Explain how diamonds are created when meteorites crash into our planet.

Lesson Plan 48. Comets, Asteroids and Impact Craters (with Science Literacy Activity #48 - Can a Meteorite Strike Your City or Town?)
Upon completion of this lesson, students will be able to:
• Explain what comets are.
• Explain what the Kuiper Belt is.
• Explain what the Oort Cloud is
• Describe what happens to a comet when it approaches the Sun.
• Explain how astronomers classify comets in accordance with their orbital period.
• Explain what asteroids are.
• Compare asteroids and meteoroids.
• Describe the properties of meteorites.
• Describe how impact craters form.
• Explain what Apollo asteroids are.
• Explain what NEOs are.

Lesson Plan 49. Impact Cratering and the Origin of Water on the Earth (with Science Literacy Activity #49 - Where Does Our Water Come From?)
Upon completion of this lesson, students will be able to:
• Explain what the Hadean Eon is.
• Describe what would happen to the Earth in case of a collision with an asteroid larger than 100 kilometers.
• Describe empirical evidence for the existence of water on the Earth during the Hadean Eon.
• List the types of cosmic objects capable of delivering water to the Earth.
• Explain how scientists test their theories of the origin of water on the Earth.

Lesson Plan 50. Impact Cratering and the Origin of Life on the Earth (with Science Literacy Activity #50 - Could Comets and Asteroids Bring Life to Our Planet?)
Upon completion of this lesson, students will be able to:
• Describe the conditions that existed on the Earth during the Late Heavy Bombardment period.
• Provide examples of organic matter discovered in outer space.
• Compare complex organic matter produced in dying stars to complex organic matter found in meteorites on the Earth.
• Describe how asteroids and comets could have created conditions for the emergence of life on the young Earth.
• Explain why scientists consider bacterial spores as “uninvited” space travelers.
• Describe the problems with the sterilization of the Curiosity rover before its journey to Mars.

Lesson Plan 51. The History of the Earth and Its Atmosphere (with Science Literacy Activity #51 - The History of the Earth and Its Atmosphere)
Upon completion of this lesson, students will be able to:
• Explain what the Earth’s atmosphere is.
• Explain how a planet’s gravity affects the composition of the planet’s atmosphere and the atmospheric pressure.
• Explain how the Earth’s magnetic field defends the Earth’s atmosphere from the solar wind.
• Explain what would happen to the Earth if the Earth’s gravity were as weak as the gravity of Mars.
• Compare the composition of the Earth’s original atmosphere to the composition of the Earth’s “secondary” atmosphere.
• Describe the slow evolution of the Earth’s atmosphere.

Lesson Plan 52. Cosmic Events in the History of the Earth (with Science Literacy Activity #52 - Can Our Galaxy Cause Havoc on the Earth?)
Upon completion of this lesson, students will be able to:
• Describe how gamma ray bursts can be dangerous to the Earth.
• Describe the orbital motion of the Solar System around the center of our Galaxy.
• Explain how interstellar clouds of gas and dust might be harmful to the Earth.
• Explain how the motion of the Solar System in our Galaxy combined with the motion of the Galaxy in the intergalactic space can affect our planet.


Terms of Use: Copyright© 2015 Irina Mullins. All rights reserved by the author. Your purchase of this product permits you to have this product used by one teacher for educational purposes in one classroom only. Copying for more than one teacher, classroom, department, school, or school system is prohibited. This entire product, or any parts within this product, may not be electronically redistributed or posted to any website including teacher blogs or classroom blogs.
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