Here is a NGSS Energy Assessment Science Lesson for Kindergarten from Karen Ostlund and Sheryl Mercier of Science and Kids.
This assessment intended use is after a unit about the effect of the Sun‘s energy on Earth has been taught. In this lesson, students make observations to develop concepts about the world around them, specifically, the effect of sunlight on the surface of the Earth. Students observe the effect of sunlight and shade on earth materials: water, sand, soil, and rocks. The goal of the activities is for students to demonstrate their understanding about our dependence on the Sun as the primary source of heating the surface, air, and water of our planet, thus sustaining life on Earth. Teacher background, Science Notes, vocabulary words, teaching tips, student recording pages and a rubric for scoring are included in this lesson.
NGSS K-PS3-1. Make observations to determine the effect of sunlight on Earth’s surface. [Examples of Earth’s surface could include sand, soil, rocks, and water.] (Assessment of temperature is limited to relative measures such as warmer/cooler.)