In this series of activities/assessments, written and illustrated by Karen Ostlund and Sheryl Mercier, students make observations to determine the effect of sunlight on the Earth’s surface. Prior knowledge is assessed by discussing what students know about the Sun and sunlight. A poster and activity sheets are provided for a whole class activity to provide background and review concepts about how sand and water feel when placed in the Sun and shade. Students cut out pictures of containers of sand and water and arrange them in order to predict differences in how these Earth materials feel in the Sun and shade and then show results by sequencing the pictures from warmest to coolest containers. Next, partners engage in an investigation to compare how sunlight affects dark rocks, light rocks, and soil. Activity sheets are provided in which students again sequence the pictures of Earth materials from warmest to coolest in the Sun and shade in order to predict and then show the results of their investigation. Then an individual assessment with activity sheets is provided for students to show what they know by drawing pictures of materials in the classroom, outside in the Sun, and outside in the shade and circling if each material is warmest, warm, cool, or coolest and drawing pictures to demonstrate an understanding of the cause and effect relationship that sunlight warms Earth materials.
Vocabulary concept cards, student recording sheets, poem with actions, song, teacher background and rubrics are included.
K-PS3-1. Make observations to determine the effect of sunlight on Earth’s surface.