I created this for my middle schoolers as a way to study the impact of a piece of literature. It can be used in for Language Arts or for a section on American History and really lets students dive into a non-fiction piece and make a guess about how this book, in particular this rather emotional Chapter 10, may have enlightened white readers to the realities of slavery.
Goal: To evaluate whether Fredrick Douglas' narrative enlightens readers about both the realities of slavery and the humanity of African slaves.
Students can either work in groups or individually to read Chapter 10 of the Narrative Life of Fredrick Douglas. If you do not have a paper copy, there is a link to it for free here: http://web.archive.org/web/20110116090039/http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/etcbin/toccer-new2?id=DouNarr.sgm&images=images/modeng&data=/texts/english/modeng/parsed&tag=public∂=11&division=div1
It is also available as an audiobook on youtube.
From there, have students think about the historian William Andrew’s assertion that the purpose of slave narratives was to, "to enlighten white readers about both the realities of slavery as an institution and the humanity of black people as individuals deserving of full human rights."
As students read have them support this claim by taking specific quotes from the text and jotting them down on their graphic organizer. After they finish the chapter and fill out their organizer, have the students share why they chose their specific quote. By hearing each other's answers, students will be get maximum exposure to a variety of passages that will have impacted people over the generations.